An NMR-based Metabolomic Approach To Seek Reliable Markers For Different Botanical Origins Of Mono-floral Italian Honey | 34585
Journal of Analytical & Bioanalytical Techniques
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A number of tools and methods can be used to ensure that a given honey belongs to a botanical variety that complies with the
label. Traditionally, the determination of the floral origin of honey is made from palynological analysis, which is based on the
identification of pollen by microscopic inspection. However, melisso-palynological analysis needs expertise. Further, it is not a reliable
technique. NMR-based metabolomics is a fast, convenient, and effective tool for origin discrimination and biomarker discovery in
food analysis. 1H-NMR has the potential to detect and identify a large number of compounds and as such, it is emerging as a leading
technique in the area of metabolomic studies. Honey fraud involves adding either industrial sugar syrups or mixing several floral
origins, and selling the product under a false name. The EU Commission is encouraging the development of harmonized analytical
methods to permit the verification of compliance with the quality specifications for the different honeys. Theoretically, a mono-floral
honey can be produced from any blossoming plant. However, in practice, mono-floral honeys are not so easy to produce. Thus, their
price is, in most cases, higher than multi-floral ones, especially for certain specific types of mono-floral honeys. Therefore, the need to
develop a method to find reliable marker compounds to discriminate between mono-floral honeys is obvious. This work discusses a
preliminary chemometric analysis of chloroform extracts of mono-floral honeys belonging to new botanical origins which were never
analyzed before with an NMR-based metabolomic approach.
Jalal Uddin has completed his BSc in Chemistry in 2005, and MSc in Organic Chemistry in 2007 from University of Karachi, Karachi, Pakistan. He worked as an intern at H E J Research Institute of Chemistry, University of Karachi, Karachi, Pakistan during 2009-2010. He is currently a PhD student in the field of molecular sciences, with two major projects entitled “NMR based metabolomic approach to identify the botanical and geographical origin of Italian honey” and “Metabolite profiling of rat urine after treatment with antioxidants in nutraceutical products by NMR and Mass spectrometry”. He is an Erasmus Mundus Fellowship holder funded by European commission.