Brief Evaluation Of Cognitive Impairment In The Elderly Using The Memory Orientation Screening Test | 12481
Journal of Alzheimers Disease & Parkinsonism
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Within this aging population over the age of 65, one-third of patients demonstrate either Mild Cognitive Impairment
or Dementia. Cognitively impaired patients suffer from a degenerative condition that impairs function and leads to
institutionalization and death. Cognitively impaired patients do not reliably follow treatment for other medical conditions such
as hypertension and diabetes. They are at higher risk for falls, post-operative delirium from elective surgeries, and readmissions
to acute care hospital settings. They require care from family and paid caregivers that are expensive and difficult to deliver without
interrupting the family unit. They lose independence, cause auto accidents, and are victims of financial scams. Unfortunately,
the majority of patients with MCI or Dementia are not diagnosed until symptoms have been present for years and until glaring
examples of their difficulties are seen. These patients deny or minimize their problems. Their family members may not observe
the losses accurately or recognize the symptoms of cognitive loss. Their doctors and health care providers lack the time and
information necessary to make the diagnosis. Earlier detection of dementia increases opportunities for earlier medical and social
interventions. Clinicians who employ a brief, sensitive and reliable test of cognition will detect cognitive loss sooner and will
possess objective data on which to base more costly emerging diagnostic tests and therapeutic interventions. They will then be
able to more accurately assess changes in cognitive status over time, helping them to make changes in treatment approach and
to counsel patients and families about the patient?s needs. Furthermore, accurate test scores allow the provider to reassure the
intact but worried elderly patient and to avoid ordering costly and unnecessary tests. Over the past three years, three validation
studies involving the Memory Orientation Screening Test (MOST?) has been published, demonstrating its high concordance
with expert clinical diagnosis and with standardized neuropsychological tests. It has shown higher accuracy and reliability, in
these studies, when compared to the MMSE, Mini-Cog, Clock wing Test, family reports, and patient self-ratings. The MOST?
is also now available on two iPad apps, improving ease of administration, accuracy in scoring, and generating a detailed clinical
report for each use. The report translates the results of this 5-minute test into a statement cognitive function and generates a series
of recommendations for further testing, treatment options, and practical patient care decisions that guide the provider to make
scientifically-based treatment plans.
Mitchell Clionsky is a board-certified clinical neuropsychologist and co-Editor-in-Chief of the Journal of Alzheimer?s Disease and Parkinsonism. He
has evaluated thousands of patients with cognitive impairments using extensive neuropsychological measures.
Emily Clionsky, M.D graduated from Jefferson Medical College, is dually trained in internal medicine (Mercy Hospital/UPMC Pittsburgh, PA) and
in psychiatry (Dartmouth Hitchcock Medical Center). Her practice is dementia- focused, with over 3,000 patients. She has presented research
on hypoxia and dementia at AAIC in 2012, has published in peer-reviewed journals, and with Mitchell Clionsky, Ph.D., co-developed the Memory
Orientation Screening Test//MOST-96120. Emily Clionsky is the Director of Clinical Strategies for Lincare, Inc. a subsidiary of Linde AG. She is the
co-editor in chief of the Journal of Alzheimer?s Disease and Parkinsonism.
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