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Cytokines And Mental Status At ICU | 100336
ISSN: 2375-4494

Journal of Child and Adolescent Behavior
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Cytokines and mental status at ICU

Joint Meeting on 30th International Conference on Psychiatry and Mental Health & 25th Cognitive Neuroscience Congress

Reza Nejat

Bazarganan Hospital, Iran

ScientificTracks Abstracts: J Child Adolesc Behav

DOI: 10.4172/2375-4494-C2-008

Statement of the problem: Brain, assumed to be an immune-privileged organ, has been shown to be invaded by immune system in response to various injuries. Discovering the presence of lymphatic system in the meninges and special T helpers in the cerebrospinal fluid, scientists have speculated that immune system itself may have a great impact, sometimes of refreshing fashion, on the brain activities. Methodology: Over 70 relevant articles were reviewed systematically in Pubmed, Clinical Key and Science Direct. Analyses were conducted for different cytokines with special insight on IL-1, IL-?, TNF-?, TGF-?, IL-6, IL-8, IL-10, other cytokines and their receptors, and their effects on the brain. Results: According to the reported studies an intricate relationship between CNS and the immune system and dysregulation of cytokines could be found in different types of neurological disorders including psychiatric diseases, Alzheimer???s disease, dementia, and specially sepsis encephalopathy. Conclusion and Significance: Over the past decades CNS was thought of as an immune-privileged organ. It is now obvious that immune system has an intimately functional relationship with the neurons, neurovascular units and neurites. Cytokines as signaling molecules are involved not only in various injuries in the brain but also in mood regulation, anxiety, learning ability, memory, appetite and sleep pattern modulation and even in mental status. Even in septic encephalopathy the imbalance between good and bad cytokines might play a crucial role in modulation of the level of patient???s consciousness at ICU. Cytokines seem to be regulatory mediators with great impacts on CNS. Manipulating these immunotransmitters may open new horizons in treating some disabling neurological disorders. References 1. Arvin B, Neville L F, Barone F C, et al. The Role of Inflammation and Cytokines in Brain Injury. Neurosci Biobehav Rev. 1996; 20(3): 445-452 2. Ziebell J M, Morganti-Kossmann M C. Involvement of Pro- and Anti-Inflammatory Cytokines and Chemokines in the Pathophysiology of Traumatic Brain Injury. Neurotherapeutics. 2010; 7(1): 22-30 3. Zhang O H, Sheng Z Y, Yao Y M. Septic encephalopathy: when cytokines interact with acetylcholine in the brain. Mil Med Res. 2014, 1:20 4. Daltona B, Bartholdya S, Robinsona L, et al. A meta-analysis of cytokine concentrations in eating disorders. J Psychiatr Res. 2018; 103: 252???264 5. Hayley S, Poulter M O, Anisman Meral Z, Anisman H. The pathogenesis of clinical depression: Stressor- and cytokine-induced alterations of neuroplasticity. Neuroscience. 2005; 135(3): 659-678 6. Calabrese F, Rossetti A C, Racagni G, et al. Brain-derived neurotrophic factor: a bridge between inflammation and neuroplasticity. Front Cell Neurosci. 2014; 8: 430 7. Pavlov V A, Tracey K J. Neural regulation of immunity: molecular mechanisms and clinical translation. Nat Neurosci. 2017; 20(2): 156-166 8. Engelhardt B, Vajkoczy P, Weller R O. The movers and shapers in immune privilege of the CNS. Nat Immunol. 2017; 18(2): 123-131.

Reza Nejat is a board certified Anesthesiologist and FCCM. After graduating from Tehran University of Medical Sciences (TUMS) as a general practitioner, he could achieve the ECFMG certification and also attained board certification in Anesthesiology from Iran University of Medical Sciences. He passed the fellowship programme in Critical Care Medicine at Sina Hospital, TUMS. During this period he was inclined to study molecular medicine in the field of sepsis and neurocritical care medicine in which the relationship between cytokines and mental status at ICU has attracted his attention. His studies on neuroprotective effect of erythropoietin was presented in the 29th Intternational Conference on Public Mental Health and Neuroscience held in July 16-18, 2018, Dubai. He was the chief of few hospitals and assistant professor at Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences for 8 years. Dr. Nejat has published 4 books in the fields of cardiology, nephrology, fluid and electrolyte, nutrition, metabolism and endocrinology. Recently, he contributed to the chapter of “Acute Heart Failure” in the reference book “Comprehensive Textbook of Therapeutics” studied by post-doc residents of pharmacotherapy. His CV can be found through

E-mail: [email protected]