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Prevention Of Post-surgical Recurrence Of Crohns Disease | 102292
ISSN: 2161-069X

Journal of Gastrointestinal & Digestive System
Open Access

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Prevention of post-surgical recurrence of Crohns disease

16th International Conference on Gastroenterology and Digestive Disorders

Vito Annese

Valiant Clinic, UAE

ScientificTracks Abstracts: J Gastrointest Dig Syst

DOI: 10.4172/2161-069X-C3-070

Statement of the Problem: Postoperative recurrence of CD is common; rates may vary depending on definition used. If untreated endoscopic recurrence will be 80%-100% within 3 years and clinical recurrence 20%-25% within 2 years. The purpose of this study is to review the strategy of risk stratification and better management of recurrence prevention. Methodology: Extensive literature search. Findings: Severity of endoscopic lesions used as predictive marker for future recurrence rates with a scoring system derived from seminal study by Rutgeerts. Risk factors for postoperative recurrence are: Smoking, prior intestinal surgery, absence of prophylactic treatment (EL1), penetrating disease at index surgery, perianal location (EL2), granulomas in resection specimen (EL2) and myenteric plexitis (EL3). Standard of care for preventing recurrence are: Endoscopic monitoring 6 to 12 months after surgery, prophylactic treatment with mesalamine (5-ASA), nitroimidazole antibiotics and thiopurines. Although safe, 5-ASA has high NNT to avoid clinical recurrence (=12) and endoscopic recurrence (=8). Using nitromidazole antibiotics reduced relapse rates, however, twice as many patients had adverse events and the effect is not sustained beyond 12 months. Thiopurines (AZA or MP) have shown variable benefit in reducing relapse rates in patients with postoperative, but with greater serious AEs than 5-ASA. Studies of postoperative treatment with anti-TNF? have significantly reduced endoscopic and surgical recurrence but not clinical recurrence (see figure). Conclusion & Significance: Results from large recent trials (e.g. POCER, PREVENT, TOPPIC) have redefined frequency of endoscopic recurrence (50% at 1 year; 80% at 2 year) and its implications (clinical recurrence 25% at 2 year) if untreated. Until more evidence is evaluated, the current standard of care includes: Smoking cessation, colonoscopic assessment within 1st year after resection, individualized prophylaxis for patient-to-patient basis.

Vito Annese has achieved his Medical Degree at the Catholic University of Rome and subsequently the CCST in Internal Medicine and Gastroenterology at the same University. He also achieved the Master Degree in Medical Sciences at the KUL University of Leuven in Belgium. He has over 30-years of experience in gastroenterology, with specific interest in functional and inflammatory bowel disorders. He has authored about 300 peer reviewed publications mainly in the field of genetic predisposition and clinical trials in IBD. In the last 10-years he has been head of Gastroenterology at the Research Hospital of S. Giovanni Rotondo and at the University Hospital Careggi of Florence and in addition aggregate professor at the University of Foggia and Florence in Italy. Since one year he accepted the position of Consultant Gastroenterologist at the Valiant Clinic and community based physician at the American Hospital at Dubai.

E-mail: [email protected]