Subsequent Clinical Exocrine Pancreatic Insufficiency, A Disease Requiring Recognition And Therapy | 66962
Journal of Gastrointestinal & Digestive System
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Introduction: The criteria utilize for the identification of the diagnoses of exocrine pancreatic insufficiency (EPI) was established in the
late 1950s and early 1960s. The possible criteria was the finding of high-grade steatorrhea equal to or greater than 20 g of fecal fat per day
collected over a 72 hour. While the patient was ingesting a diet with a minimum of 100 g of fat daily. It was reported that this criterion
was met when more than 90% of the function of the exocrine pancreas was lost. This requirement for the diagnoses of exocrine pancreatic
insufficiency is difficult to achieve because the test is cumbersome and poorly accepted by patients, physicians and laboratory personnel. A
multitude of alternative tests have been developed, but none of them has achieved universal acceptance and/or availability. The detection
and quantification of exocrine pancreatic enzymes in stool has been evaluated for this purpose, but all of the enzymes with the exception
of pancreatic elastase are destroyed during the transit through the intestine, making them unacceptable as an diagnostic tool. Pancreatic
elastase measured in stool is greater than 200 ng/g stool and normal individuals. Those with less than 200 mg greater than 100 ng per male
have subclinical pancreatic insufficiency. Those with less than 100 ng per male have overt pancreatic insufficiency as defined by the original
definition for the detection of pancreatic insufficiency.
Aim: Identify an individuals with subclinical exocrine pancreatic insufficiency having stool he less based determination was less than 201
greater than 100 and evaluate the response to treatment with pancreatic enzyme supplementation.
Methods: #1 Consecutive patients seen in outpatient gastroenterology clinic were evaluated. #2 Stool elastase was measured in all enabling
the segregation of the subjects into 3 distinct groups consisting of normal individuals( elastase >200, those with minimal to moderate
pancreatic insufficiency less than 200 but greater than 100 ng elastase/gram of stool and those with overt pancreatic insufficiency having less
than 100 ng/g pancreatic elastase in stool. #3 symptoms of abdominal pain, cramps, bloating, gas, flatulence, diarrhea, large, bulky stools,
foul smelling stools, I requirement for double flushing, were each evaluated on a 0-10 [email protected] clinic visit over a 6 month period. #4 6
laboratory parameters consisting of hemoglobin, BUN, creatinine, albumin, levels of vitamin A, vitamin D, and vitamin E were recorded
and each clinic visit.
Results: Symptoms in most patients and groups to ON 3 improved with time and continued utilization of pancreatic enzyme replacement.
The response occurred earlier in those with mild to moderate pancreatic insufficiency as compared to those with overt pancreatic insufficiency
and no improvement was noted in those with normal levels of pancreatic elastase in stool.
Conclusions: #1 individuals with unexplained abdominal symptoms should be evaluated utilizing a stool elastase determination of the
presence of pancreatic insufficiency. #2 individuals with pancreatic elastase in stool less than the lower limit of normal, but greater than
100 ng per gram stool have pancreatic disease that responds to therapy achieving a symptom response pattern, similar to that of normal
individuals having a normal stool elastase determination greater than 200 ng/g stool. Those and groups 3 with overt pancreatic insufficiency
response lower to a degree less than that observed by those in group to with subclinical pancreatic insufficiency.
Summary: Subclinical exocrine pancreatic insufficiency response to therapy consisting of esophagitis pancreatic enzyme supplementation
and represents the clinical disease prosess that can and should be treated.
David Van Thiel is a Gastroenterologist in Berwyn, Illinois. He is affiliated with multiple hospitals in the area, including Rush Oak Park Hospital and Rush University Medical Center. He completed his Medical degree from David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA and has been in practice for 39 years. He is one of the 21 doctors at Rush Oak Park Hospital and one of 25 doctors at Rush University Medical Center who has specialization in Gastroenterology. He completed his Graduation from University of California at Los Angeles. He has obtained board certification from the member board for Internal Medicine and Hepatology.