alexa The Role Of Microbiome Perturbations In Colorectal Cancer: Diagnostic, Therapeutic Or Both? | 99548
ISSN: 2161-069X

Journal of Gastrointestinal & Digestive System
Open Access

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The role of microbiome perturbations in colorectal cancer: Diagnostic, therapeutic or both?

International Conference on Gastrointestinal Cancer and Therapeutics & 4th World Congress on Digestive & Metabolic Diseases & 26th Annual Congress on Cancer Science and Targeted Therapies

Manasi S Shah

University of Texas School of Public Health, USA

ScientificTracks Abstracts: J Gastrointest Dig Syst

DOI: 10.4172/2161-069X-C8-085

Abstract
There is encouraging evidence for using a stool-based composite microbial non-invasive diagnostic for colorectal cancer. Through our meta-analysis, we analyzed eight global cohorts, re-analyzing the raw 16S rRNA gene sequencing data to find consistent biomarkers such as Parvimonas micra, Fusobacterium sp. and Streptococcus anginosus robust to demographic and technical heterogeneity across the studies. We further evaluated which microbial markers in colorectal cancer tissue biopsy, directly at the disease interface were consistently elevated across cohorts, the extent to which they were detectable in fecal samples from the same colorectal cancer case and the pathways through which they might operate. We noticed OTUs elongated to genus Parvimonas, Fusobacterium and Streptococcus elevated in biopsies as well. Inferred functional analysis identified differences in amino acid and lipid metabolism, likely driven by the altered abundances of Fusobacterium, Leptotrichia, Enterobacteriaceae, Comamonadaceae and Ruminococcaceae. While promising, to be truly generalizable for the public, a microbial diagnostic for colorectal cancer must overcome challenges in terms of confounding the microbial signal by other co-existing morbidities such obesity, type-2 diabetes, and IBD or the intake of over-the-counter or prescribed medications which is known to influence the gut microbial content. Along with diagnostic avenues, in vivo studies have characterized Wnt-?-catenin signaling cross-talks with microbial communities and host immune system and can be causal in inflammation-driven colorectal cancer. Recent studies have demonstrated that the immune-modulator effectiveness of CTLA-4 and PD-PDL1 based therapy is microbiota dependent and lays ground to prove the utility of microbiome modulated immunotherapy for all cancers.
Biography

Manasi S Shah has completed her PhD from the University of Texas School of Public Health. She then worked briefly with Second Genome Inc., as a consultant and is a current postdoctoral study from Stanford University School of Medicine. Currently working as a Staff Bioinformatics Scientist at Thermo Fisher Scientific, Manasi has authored a couple of microbiomes focused papers and is currently working on a grant award she received to improve the Axiom microbiome array capabilities.

E-mail: [email protected]

 

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