alexa The Role Of Skull Mechanics In Mechanism Of Cerebral Circulation
ISSN: 2161-0460

Journal of Alzheimers Disease & Parkinsonism
Open Access

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2nd International Conference on Alzheimers Disease and Dementia
September 23-25, 2014 Valencia Convention Centre, Spain

Yuri Moskalenko, Gustav Weinstein, Tamara Kravchenko, Peter Halvorson, Natalia Ryabchikova and Julia Andreeva
Accepted Abstracts: J Alzheimers Dis Parkinsonism
DOI: 10.4172/2161-0460.S1.010
Abstract
Skull has a complicated mechanical construction, consists of 28 different bones, connected by sutures of different structural kinds - from smooth (face cranium) to teeth-like hardness (brain cranium). Basically, skull can be selected as face skull and brain skull. The last is composed of 8 bones with complicated connections between them, and namely brain skull will be described in the chapter presented. Structure of ?brain skull? (or simply - skull) is the most complicated, it is changeable and individual depending on age, sex and race. The most pronounced mechanical changes of skull properties are observed in babies and juniors who are connected with brain growing. Later, structural changes of the skull are concerned with structure of bone sutures, which tissues loss their elasticity with age. Volume of internal cavity of the skull of adult persons is balanced closely with volume of intracranial media so precisely, that the internal relief of skull bones reflects the structure of the brain and its vascular system. This confirms the idea, that skull plays protector function for brain, and it is well known. However, this precisely high balance of internal skull volume and intracranial media volumes, due to natural variations of brain skull configuration, might be a reason of some diminishing of the skull internal volume to compare with intracranial media. Variations of the skull configuration, which actually diminish intracranial cavity, may be the most pronounced at middle ageing, when capabilities of the skull internal volume for adaptation also diminish due to decrease of the possibility of change of suture structure. Result of this may be some compressing of tissues, filled cranial cavity, first of all, liquid media blood and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF), which are responsible for circulatory-metabolic supply of brain functioning. As a consequence, some neurological symptoms may appear indicating that volume of intracranial cavity is really smaller, than optimal volume of intracranial media.
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