Use Of Mancala/Sungka To Reduce Cognitive Decline In Institutionalized Elderly In Metro Manila | 99457
Journal of Alzheimers Disease & Parkinsonism
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Introduction: As people age, their mental and physical functions diminish due to their inactivity. The purpose of this study is
to use Sungka to reduce cognitive decline and enhance cognitive aspects (memory and retention, attention and concentration,
executive function and mood) among institutionalized elderly in Metro Manila.
Methods: The playing of Sungka was incorporated into a structured routine program, entitled Comply: Communicate Move
Play (which includes social, physical and cognitive activities). The subjects were 12 elderlies, who came from an elderly
institution in Metro Manila, selected under purposive sampling. The study was conducted for 45 minutes to one hour, once a
week for four weeks. Quasi-experimental design was utilized through a pre and post intervention test using mini mental state
exam (MMSE). Two researchers??? developed tools were used in determining the effect of the structured routine program. The
consent of the institution and the subjects were obtained and was assured that their privacy, confidentiality and anonymity
were secured. Measure of pre and post MMSE scores was analyzed through dependent t-test, while cognitive aspects under the
research developed tool were analyzed through repeated measures ANOVA.
Results: Findings revealed that there is a significant difference between the pre and post MMSE (p=0.001). The results suggest
that Sungka is effective in reducing cognitive decline in geriatric subjects. Further, attention and concentration were shown to
have a significant change (F=4.600, p=0.030) indicating that the subjects were being taught lesser in every transpired session.
However, memory and retention (F=1.882, p=0.169), executive function (F=0.792, p=0.502) and mood (F=1.0000, p=0.339)
had no significant change.
Discussion: The significant difference in the pre and post MMSE shows that the use of Mancala/Sungka can reduce cognitive
decline among institutionalized geriatric subjects in Metro Manila. Further research is needed to extend the length of
application of the said structured program.