The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain which is a sovereign state in Europe. UK is the 80th-largest sovereign state in the world and the 11th largest in Europe. The term Great Britain refers to the island of Great Britain or politically to England, Scotland and Wales in combination.
United Kingdom is lying to the north-western coast of the European mainland, it includes the island of Great Britain (the name of which is also loosely applied to the whole country), the north-eastern part of the island of Ireland and many smaller islands. Northern Ireland is the only part of the UK that shares a land border with another state the Republic of Ireland.
UK is the fifth-largest economy in the world and the second-largest in Europe after Germany. The pharmaceutical industry plays an important role in the UK economy and the country has the third-highest share of global pharmaceutical R&D expenditures. Scientific research and development remains important in British universities.
In Physics, Medicine and Chemistry, this country nation produced 118 Nobel laureates. The Institute of Psychiatry, Psychology & Neuroscience is the premier centre for mental health and related neurosciences research in Europe with a flourishing and expanding faculty of King’s College London. Numerous Psychiatry journals are published from UK with good reputation. The Psychiatry Research Trust was set up by a Trust Deed dated 20th January 1982. It raises funds for research into all aspects of mental illness and brain disorder undertaken at the Institute of Psychiatry, Psychology & Neuroscience and its associated Bethlem Royal and Maudsley Hospitals.