A sovereign state, The Republic of Korea which is in East Asia, constitutes the southern part of the Korean Peninsula. The name Korea is derived from the ancient Kingdom of Goguryeo, also known as Kory. South Korea is highly urbanized and leads a distinctive urban lifestyle.
South Korea possesses the southern portion of the Korean Peninsula, which extends some 1,100 km (680 mi) from the Asian mainland. This mountainous peninsula is screw-topped by the Yellow ocean to the west, and East Sea to the east. Its southern tip lies on the Korea Strait and also the East China Sea. The nation, including all its islands, lies between latitudes 33° and 39°N, and longitudes 124° and 130°E. Its area is 100,032 square kilometres (38,622.57 sq mi).
South Korea is now among one of the fastest-growing developed countries. South Koreans refer to this growth as the Miracle on the Han River. Since the 1980s, the Korean government has invested in the development of a domestic biotechnology industry, and the sector is projected to grow to $6.5 billion by 2010. The medical sector accounts for a large part of the production, including production of hepatitis vaccines and antibiotics. Recently, research and development in genetics and cloning has received increasing attention, with the first successful cloning of a dog, Snuppy (in 2005), and the cloning of two females of an endangered species of wolves by the Seoul National University in 2007.
The best universities for biology and biochemistry show strength in producing research in the field and have top-notch reputations. The field of biology and biochemistry includes many subjects, such as anatomy, physiology and pathology, which all share a core mission of analyzing the science of life. Numerous biochemistry journals are published from South Korea with good reputation. The top universities of South Korea publish their research and development work in list of biochemistry journals South Korea. Many conferences also occur on Biochemistry journals South Korea