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Description of the country:
Australia is sixth largest continents by area which are officially known as the Commonwealth of Australia which comprise of the mainland of the Australian continent, the island of Tasmania, and numerous smaller islands. Normally Australia dubbed as island continent which preferably consider as world’s largest island continent.
Geography of the country:
By geographically sixth largest country by area with a landmass of 7,617,930 square kilometres on the Indo-Australian Plate which are surrounded by Indian and Pacific ocean on the both the sides of the country. Australia consist of world largest coral reef “Great Barrier Reef” which extends from east to west covering the continent about 2,300 km with a diversity of life, including many vulnerable or endangered species, some of which may be endemic to the reef system.
Status of economy, research and development:
Australia is a developed country and one of the wealthiest countries in the world it constitutes world's 12th-largest economy. The latest economic survey is stagnant GDP 2.3%. The GDP percapita income well comes around 51,358 USD less compared to preceding years. Australia's military expenditure is the world's 13th-largest with a second-highest human development index globally. Australia is a member of the UNO, G20, Commonwealth of Nations, ANZUS, OECD, WTO, Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation and the Pacific Islands Forum.
Status about the different subjects in which extensive research is going on: Most of the researcher or scientist of earth science or geoscience related wide-ranging investigations into the phenomena that have shaped, and continue to shape, the earth with a theme “Understanding How Earth Responds to the Impact on Today's Physical Environment”. Research School of Earth Sciences (RSES) ANU College of Physical & Mathematical Sciences focus is on both Earth processes and environmental science. According the present research study by Abram NJ, et al. states that Water resource management is one of the greatest challenges facing sustainable agriculture and urban populations across Australia. There were many organization associated with university to safeguard the nature beauty of Australia called “Land of Discontinue Species”.