Description of the country:
Brazil, officially the Federative Republic of Brazil, is the fifth largest country by both area and population. Brazil is the largest country to have Portuguese as an official language, and the only one in the Americas. Bounded by the Atlantic Ocean on the east, Brazil has a coastline of 7,491 km (4,655 mi). It borders all other South American countries except Ecuador and Chile and occupies 47.3 percent of the continent of South America. Its Amazon River basin includes a vast tropical forest, home to diverse wildlife, a variety of ecological systems, and extensive natural resources spanning numerous protected habitats. This unique environmental heritage makes Brazil one of 17 mega diverse countries, and is the subject of significant global interest and debate regarding deforestation and environmental protection.
Geography of the country:
The country of Brazil occupies roughly half of South America, bordering the Atlantic Ocean. Brazil covers a total area of 8,514,215 km2 (3,287,357 sq mi) which includes 8,456,510 km2 (3,265,080 sq mi) of land and 55,455 km2 (21,411 sq mi) of water. The highest point in Brazil is Pico da Neblina at 2,994 m (9,823 ft). Brazil is bordered by the countries of Argentina, Bolivia, Colombia, Guyana, Paraguay, Peru, Suriname, Uruguay, Venezuela, and France (overseas department of France, French Guiana).
Status of economy, research and development:
Brazil has the world's seventh biggest economy by ostensible GDP, and the seventh biggest by obtaining power equality. The Brazilian economy is portrayed by tolerably free markets and an internal situated economy. Brazil's economy is the biggest of Latin America and the second biggest in the Western Hemisphere. From 2000 to 2012, Brazil was one of the quickest developing real economies on the planet, with a normal yearly GDP development rate of more than 5%, with its economy in 2012 surpassing that of the United Kingdom, making Brazil the world's 6th biggest economy. Be that as it may, Brazil's economy development has decelerated in 2013 and had no fluid development all through 2014, and the nation's economy is required to contract by 4% in 2015. As per the World Economic Forum, Brazil was the top nation in upward development of aggressiveness in 2009, increasing eight positions among different nations, overcoming Russia interestingly, and halfway shutting the intensity hole with India and China among the BRIC economies.
Status about the different subjects in which extensive research is going on:
Brazil has a standout amongst the most energetic mineral markets on the planet, creating more than 70 mineral wares, including metals, mechanical and fuel minerals. The nation is known for its expansive mineral stores, furthermore for the quality and noteworthiness of its lovely gemstones – sea green/blue, tourmaline and citrine – delivered in the frontier city of Ouro Preto, Minas Gerais. Situated in Rio de Janiero, on the way to the Sugar Loaf, the Museum of Earth Sciences is home to a changeless showcase of Brazil's minerals, rocks, fossils and shooting stars. The important accumulation incorporates more than 3,000 rocks and minerals, speaking to more than 95% of minerals nearby to Brazil. Peter Medawar is the nobel laureate who hails from Brail and has made remarkable contribution in the field of medicine. Universidade de São Paulo (USP), Universidade Estadual de Campinas (Unicamp), Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro (UFRJ), Universidade Estadual Paulista “Júlio de Mesquita Filho” (UNESP), Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP) and Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais (UFMG) are some of the top universities where research on earth science is carried out.