Description of the Country:
The world’s largest nation is Russia, borders European and Asian countries as well as the Pacific and Arctic oceans. Russia is also officially known as the Russian Federation. Russia is famous for novelists Tolstoy and Dostoevsky, plus the Bolshoi and Mariinsky ballet companies.
Geography of the country:
Russia landscape ranges from tundra and forests to subtropical beaches and is located in the north, west and east latitudes of the Northern Hemisphere and most of Russia is much closer to the North Pole than to the equator. It is the world's largest country in total area. Due to its size, Russia displays both monotony and diversity. The country's 17.1 million square kilometers include one-eighth of the Earth's inhabited land area. The border of Russia is the world’s largest border.
Status of Economy, Research and Development:
The Russian economy ranks as the 10th largest by nominal GDP and sixth largest by purchasing power parity in 2015. As a result of great emphasis on science and technology in education, Russian medical, mathematical, scientific, and aerospace research is generally of a high order.
Status about the different subjects in which extensive research is going on:
In Medicine, Chemistry, Physics, Literature, Peace and Economic Sciences this world’s largest nation produced 28 Nobel laureates. Russia's total area of cultivated land is estimated at 1,237,294 square kilometres (477,722 sq mi), the fourth largest in the world. Russia was turned from a grain importer to the third largest grain exporter after the EU and the United States. This restoration of agriculture was supported by a credit policy of the government, helping both individual farmers and large privatized corporate farms. Russia has more than a fifth of the world's forests, which makes it the largest forest country in the world. Vasily Dokuchaev (1845–1902) is credited with laying the foundations of soil science and Vladimir Vernadsky (1863–1945) is considered one of the founders of geochemistry, biogeochemistry, and of radiogeology and deeply developed the concepts of biosphere and noosphere. Numerous Earth Science journals are published from Russia. Several leading Institution in the country including Russian Academy of Sciences and Schmidt Institute of Physics of the Earth and others are spearheading the Earth Science research.