Description of the country:
South Africa is a country on the southernmost tip of the African continent. The name "South Africa" is derived from the country's geographic location at the southern tip of Africa. South Africa is the 25th-largest country in the world and 24th most populous country. South Africa is a nation of about 55 million people of diverse origins, cultures, languages, and religions.
Geography of the country:
It is bounded on the south by coastline of Southern Africa stretching along the South Atlantic and Indian Oceans, on the north by the neighbouring countries of Namibia, Botswana and Zimbabwe, and on the east by Mozambique and Swaziland, and surrounding the kingdom of Lesotho. South Africa has a generally temperate climate, due in part to being surrounded by the Atlantic and Indian Oceans on three sides, by its location in the climatically milder Southern Hemisphere and due to the average elevation rising steadily towards the north (towards the equator) and further inland. Due to this varied topography and oceanic influence, a great variety of climatic zones exist.
Status of economy, research and development:
South Africa has a mixed economy, the second largest in Africa after Nigeria. It also has a relatively high GDP per capita compared to other countries in Sub-Saharan Africa. The South African agricultural industry contributes around 10% of formal employment, relatively low compared to other parts of Africa, as well as providing work for casual labourers and contributing around 2.6% of GDP for the nation. Several important scientific and technological developments have originated in South Africa. The first human-to-human heart transplant was performed by a South African cardiac surgeon.
Status about the different subjects in which extensive research is going on:
In Medicine, Chemistry, Literature and Peace, this 25th-largest country produced 11 Nobel laureates. South Africa encourages novel and innovative developments in the country and is hosting ten research institutes, five societies and nineteen universities exclusively for the research in Earth Sciences. Researchers are more enthusiastic to publish their work in the form of articles in the famous Earth sciences journals like Journal of African Earth Sciences.