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Description of the country:
South Korea, an East Asian nation on the southern half of the Korean Peninsula, shares one of the world’s most heavily militarized borders with North Korea. It’s equally known for its green, hilly countryside dotted with cherry trees and centuries-old Buddhist temples, plus its coastal fishing villages, tropical islands and high-tech cities such as Seoul. Seoul is the capital city of the country which is highly modernized and an example for advance technology to the world.
Geography of the country:
South Korea occupies the southern portion of the Korean Peninsula, which extends some 1,100 km (680 mi) from the Asian mainland. This mountainous peninsula is flanked by the Yellow Sea to the west, and East Sea to the east. Its southern tip lies on the Korea Strait and the East China Sea. The country, including all its islands, lies between latitudes 33° and 39°N, and longitudes 124° and 130°E. Its total area is 100,032 square kilometers (38,622.57 sq mi). South Korea can be divided into four general regions: an eastern region of high mountain ranges and narrow coastal plains; a western region of broad coastal plains, river basins, and rolling hills; a southwestern region of mountains and valleys; and a southeastern region dominated by the broad basin of the Nakdong River. South Korea's terrain is mostly mountainous, most of which is not arable. Lowlands, located primarily in the west and southeast, make up only 30% of the total land area.
Status of economy:
South Korea is the world fastest growing economy with nominal GDP of $1.392 trillion which is 11th in the world and the per capita income is $27,513. South Koreans refer to this growth as the Miracle on the Han River. The South Korean economy is heavily dependent on international trade, and in 2014, South Korea was the 5th largest exporter and 7th largest importer in the world.
Research and Development on Earth Science:
The priority of research and development in the country for earth science is high. The basic researches generally offered by the universities relating to the earth science are Hydrology, Geology, oceanography, mineral science, Climate Change, Earth quake research etc. There are several universities doing research in the particular field specially Seoul National University, Yonsei University, Korea University College of Science, and many more.