Description of the country:
Spain officially the Kingdom of Spain is a sovereign state largely located on the Iberian Peninsula in southwestern Europe. Spain is the second largest country in Western Europe and the European Union, and the fourth largest country in Europe. By population, Spain is the sixth largest in Europe and the fifth in the European Union.
Geography of the country:
Spain mainland is bordered to the south and east by the Mediterranean Sea except for a small land boundary with Gibraltar; to the north and northeast by France, Andorra, and the Bay of Biscay; and to the west and northwest by Portugal and the Atlantic Ocean. Spanish territory includes two archipelagos: the Balearic Islands, in the Mediterranean Sea, and the Canary Islands, in the Atlantic Ocean off the African coast.
Status of economy, research and development:
Spain has the fourteenth-largest economy by nominal GDP in the world and sixteenth-largest by purchasing power parity. The Spanish economy is the fifth-largest in the European Union, and the fourth-largest in the Eurozone, based on nominal GDP statistics. In 2012, Spain was the twelfth-largest exporter in the world and the sixteenth-largest importer. Spain is listed 23rd in UN Human Development Index and 30th in GDP (PPP) per capita by World Bank, thus it is classified as high income economy and among the countries of very high human development. Spain is fast becoming a leader in innovation and generating advanced solutions in the industries of aerospace, renewable energies, water treatment, rail, biotechnology, industrial machinery and civil engineering.
Status about the different subjects in which extensive research is going on:
In Earth Science, Spain has accounted for 5 Nobel laureates so far and accomplished by several earth science awards. Spain has earth science research funding from Climate Impact Research Coordination for a Larger Europe - CIRCLE-MED, Environment and Health Fund, International Arid Lands Consortium (IALC), Keren Kayemet LeIsrael Funds for Environmental Research in Israel, Ministry of Energy and Water Resources. According to the report by SJR, Spain is ranked number 5 in publishing highest number of articles in Earth and Planetary Sciences. Several leading Earth study Institutes in the country include University of Barcelona, Universidad Autónoma de Madrid, Universitat Autonóma de Barcelona, University Complutense Madrid and University of Navarra.