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Description of the Country:
Turkey is a nation straddling Eastern Europe and western Asia with cultural connections to ancient Greek, Persian, Roman, Byzantine and Ottoman empires. Cosmopolitan Istanbul, on the Bosphorus Strait, is home to the iconic Hagia Sophia, with its soaring dome and Christian mosaics, the massive 17th-century Blue Mosque and the circa-1460 Topkap? Palace, former home of sultans. Ankara is Turkey’s modern capital.
Geography of the Country:
Turkey is a transcontinental Eurasian country. Asian Turkey, which includes 97 percent of the country, is separated from European Turkey by the Bosphorus, the Sea of Marmara, and the Dardanelles. European Turkey comprises 3 percent of the country. The territory of Turkey is more than 1,600 kilometers (990 miles) long and 800 kilometers (500 miles) wide, with a roughly rectangular shape. It lies between latitudes 35° and 43° N, and longitudes 25° and 45° E. Turkey's land area, including lakes, occupies 783,562 square kilometers (302,535 square miles), of which 755,688 square kilometers (291,773 square miles) are in Southwest Asia and 23,764 square kilometers (9,175 square miles) in Europe. Turkey is the world's 37th-largest country in terms of area.
Status of Economy:
Turkey has the world's 17th largest GDP by PPP and 18th largest nominal GDP. The country is among the founding members of the OECD and the G-20 major economies. The nominal GDP of the country as per year 2015 is $751 Billion which is 18th largest economy in the world. The per capita income of the country is $9,562 which is 67th across the globe.
Research and Development on Earth Science:
The priority of research and development in the country for earth science is high. The basic researches generally offered by the universities relating to the earth science are Hydrology, Geology, oceanography, mineral science, Climate Change, Earth quake research etc. There are several universities doing research in the particular field specially Ankara University, Bogazici University, Fatih University, Istanbul Technical University and many more.