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Canada is a stretched part of USA. The name “Canada” likely comes from the Huron-Iroquois word “kanata,” meaning “village” or “settlement.
Canada is a country within the northern a part of North America. Its ten provinces and 3 territories extend from the Atlantic to the Pacific and northward into the Arctic Ocean, covering 9.98 million sq. kilometers (3.85 million sq. miles), making it the world's second-largest country by total space and the fourth-largest country by surface area. Canada's border with the United States is that the world's longest land border.
Canada is a developed country and has the tenth highest nominal per capita financial gain globally, and the ninth highest ranking within the Human Development Index. It ranks among the highest in international measurements of state transparency, civil liberties, quality of life, economic freedom, and education. In 2006 total spending on scientific and industrial research in Canada amounted to C$28.067 billion or about 2 percent of GDP. In 2006 Canadian corporations spent C$14.858 billion on research and development, representing about half of all R&D spending in Canada and about one percent of Canada's GDP.
In Physics, Medicine and Chemistry, this Country nation produced 19 Nobel laureates so far. Canada has established infrastructure for advanced environmental research. Canada faces a number of environmental issues. It has many natural resources that can be used for its people and for trade with other countries. The country must find ways to carefully manage both types of resources so that the environment is not damaged. Some of the environmental issues that concern Canada are: Acid Rain, Pollution of the Great Lakes, Extraction and use of Natural Resources on the Canadian Shield, Timber. Numerous Environmental journals are published from Canada like, Canadian Journal of Environmental Education, with good reputation. Several leading Institution in the country including University of Toronto, University of Waterloo, McGill University, University of British Columbia, McMaster Institute of Environment and Health and others are spearheading the medical research.