China is the most populated country in the world and officially known as People's Republic of China (PRC).
Covering approximately 9.6 million square kilometers, China is the world's second largest state by land area, and either the third or fourth-largest by total area, depending on the method of measurement.
China had the largest economy in the world for most of the past two thousand years, during which it has seen cycles of prosperity and decline. Since the introduction of economic reforms in 1978, China has become one of the world's fastest-growing major economies. China is forecast to overtake the European Union and the United States in research and development, or R&D, spending by the end of the decade, according to an OECD report on the global state of science, technology and industry
In Physics, Medicine and Chemistry, this Country nation produced 8 Nobel laureates so far. Chinese Research Academy of Environmental Sciences (CRAES) was established on Dec.31, 1978. As a national non-profit institute for environmental protection, CRAES carries out innovative basic scientific research on environmental protection, taking national strategy of sustainable development as the center. Numerous Environmental journals are published from Canada like, Chinese Journal of Urban and Environmental Studies, with good reputation. Several leading Institution in the country including Hunan University, Tianjin University, Nankai University and others are spearheading the medical research.