Indonesia is a Southeast Asian country, situated between the Indian and Pacific Ocean. It is the largest island country, with more than thirteen thousand islands. The country shares land borders with Papua New Guinea, East Timor, and the Malaysian Borneo.
Indonesia is a vast equatorial archipelago of 17,000 islands extending 5,150 kilometers east to west, between the Indian and Pacific Oceans in Southeast Asia. The largest islands are Sumatra, Java, Kalimantan (Indonesian Borneo), Sulawesi, and the Indonesian part of New Guinea (known as Papua or Irian Jaya). Islands are mountainous with dense rain forests, and some have active volcanoes. Most of the smaller islands belong to larger groups, like the Moluccas (Spice Islands).
Indonesia has the largest economy in Southeast Asia and is one of the emerging market economies of the world. The country is also a member of G-20 major economies and classified as a newly industrialised country. It is the sixteenth largest economy in the world by nominal GDP and is the eighth largest in terms of GDP (PPP). Indonesia’s research and development revenue grows by 15% driven by the rising investment in research and development activities and government support.
In Physics, Medicine, Chemistry including all fields this island nation produced 2 Nobel laureates so far. The Indonesian Science Fund (ISF), established under a recent decree of President Joko Widodo, will earmark around US$60 million a year to fund 200 research proposals. The ISF will grant US$100,000 for each successful research proposal, similar to the practice of the US National Science Foundation which allots around US$200,000 per research grant community. Numerous environmental journals are published from Indonesia with good reputation. Many universities cover environmental studies and helping scientific eminent to spread out their research globally through Indonesia environmental journals.