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South Africa has one of the continent's biggest and most developed economies. It is a multinational society surrounding a wide variety of cultures, languages, and religions. Its mixed makeup is reflected in the constitution's gratitude of 11 official languages. South Africa is comes under developed countries. It is a newly industrialized country. In case of purchasing power parity (PPP), South Africa has the seventh-highest per capita income in Africa.
South Africa is situated at the southernmost region of Africa, along with two oceans (the South Atlantic and the Indian) and a long coastline that stretches more than 2,500 km. South Africa is the 25th-largest country in the world and is equivalent in size to Colombia. The inside of South Africa comprises of a vast, in most places, almost horizontal, plateau with an altitude of between 1,000 m and 2,100 m.
South Africa has a combined economy, the 2d greatest in Africa after Nigeria. It additionally has a reasonably excessive GDP per capita compared to different countries in Sub-Saharan Africa ($11,750 at PPP as of 2012). Despite this, South Africa continues to be harassed with the aid of a fairly excessive rate of poverty and unemployment, and can also be ranked in the top 10 international locations on the planet for income inequality. In contrast to most of the world's terrible international locations, South Africa does no longer have a thriving informal economic system. South Africa is a well-known tourist vacation spot, and a monstrous quantity of income comes from tourism.
In Peace, Literature, Medicine and Chemistry, this country produced 11 Nobel laureates so far. South Africa undertakes about 0.5% of global research. It is in the nature of global research that South African scientists will be more likely to remain here if they can easily connect with their peers, and be linked to the most excellent global research nodes. Brenner received most recently, in 2002, for his pioneering work in molecular biology. South Africa has cultivated a burgeoning astronomy neighborhood. It hosts the Southern African huge Telescope, the most important optical telescope within the Southern Hemisphere. Publications related to field of environmental science journals are increased in South Africa. Several leading Institution in the country including University of Cape Town, University of the Witwatersrand, Stellenbosch University, University of Pretoria and others are spearheading the medical research.