Spain (officially Kingdom of Spain) is located in the southwestern Europe with archipelagos in Mediterranean Sea and Atlantic Ocean. It is the fourth largest country in the Europe. Spain has become one of the leading destinations in Europe for environmental research due to fewer expenses compared to the rest of Europe. Spain is a developed country with the world's fourteenth largest economy by GDP and sixteenth largest by purchasing power parity. Spain is a member of the United Nations, the European Union, the Council of Europe, the North Atlantic Treaty Organization, the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), the World Trade Organization (WTO) etc. It is one of the world's leading countries in the production of renewable energy. Madrid and Valencia are the largest cities in the country. The economic growth of Spain was disturbed by the global recession of the early 1990s and it has been developing ever since.
Recent years Spain has reached an impressive ninth in the world science rakings. Though there are some constraints like lack of investment in R&D by private companies and their consequent dependence on public investment, a distinct contrast to other industrialised countries we do see a tremendous scientific contributions from the country. Country has produced Nobel laureates in Literature and in physiology/medicine in 1906 and 1959. Universities like Autonomous University of Barcelona, Pompeu Fabra University, Complutense University of Madrid, University of Barcelona and many more are actively participating towards and science and technological advancements.
Scientists and researchers are interested towards environmental chemistry and the research do focuses on the same. We could read the scientific manuscripts in many Spain Environmental Journals. Scientific agencies/ministries monitor the funding and integration of the R & D related to science in the country. Following much change in recent years, no fewer than three ministries (Ministry of Education, Culture and Sport, Ministry for Economic Affairs and Competition and the Ministry of Industry, Energy and Tourism) currently share responsibility to promote scientific contributions.