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China is officially known as the People's Republic of China (PRC) and it is the world's most populous state, with a population of over 1.381 billion. China is the world's second largest state by land area. China has become one of the world's fastest-growing major economies. As of 2014, it is the world's second largest economy by nominal total GDP and largest by purchasing power parity. China is a great power and a major regional power within Asia, and has been characterized as a potential superpower.
Geographically China is the second largest country in the world by land area. China has the longest combined land border in the world. China's landscapes vary significantly across its vast width. In the east there are extensive and densely populated alluvial plains; while on the south broad grasslands predominate. Southern China is dominated by hills and low mountain ranges, while the central east hosts the deltas of China's two major rivers they are Yellow River and the Yangtze River. Other major rivers include the Xi, Mekong, Brahmaputra and Amur.
China was the world's fastest-growing major economy and it is the largest manufacturing economy in the world as well as the largest exporter of goods in the world. As of 2015 there was talk of a "slowing" Chinese economy, but that referred to a slowing of the rate of economic growth, not to a recession. China's economy is the world's second largest economy and it is also the world's largest economy by purchasing power parity.
In a world first, Chinese scientists have reported editing the genomes of human embryos. The results are published in the online journal Protein & Cell. Numerous genetics journals are published from china with good reputation The Institute of Genetics and Developmental Biology (IGDB) of the Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS) was founded in 2001 and this institute will focus on the areas like genetic control of growth and development, gene expression, signal transduction, structural and functional genomics, biotechnology, molecular breeding, bioinformatics and systems biology. Since 1957 there are eight Nobel laureates produced in the fields of Physics, Chemistry, Physiology or Medicine.