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Japan is an Asian country which is in the Asia Pacific region and a neighbor of P.R. China, North Korea, South Korea and Russia. The word Japan refers to “sun origin”, therefore, this country is known as "Land of the Rising Sun".
Geographically, the whole country consists of four major islands, they are, Honshu, Hokkaido, Kyushu and Shikoku. Altogether, the country is having 6,852 islands. The country is having a chain of islands (archipelago) with numerous composite volcanos. Politically, Japan is part of the UN along with other global alliances such as G7, G8, and the G20. It is one of the G4 nations seeking permanent membership in the Security Council
Many of today's enterprises were founded at the time, and Japan emerged as the most developed nation in Asia. After huge suffering from atomic bombing during World War II, Japan excelled in all arenas of research and development. According to world nominal GDP computation, Japan is having third-largest economy and fourth in the world as per power purchasing parity.
In Physics, Medicine and Chemistry, this island nation produced 24 Nobel laureates so far. Some of Japan's more prominent technological contributions are in the fields of electronics, automobiles, machinery, earthquake engineering, industrial robotics, optics, chemicals, semiconductors and metals. Japan leads the world in robotics production and use, possessing more than 20% (300,000 of 1.3 million) of the world's industrial robots- though their share was historically even higher, representing one-half of all industrial robots worldwide in 2000. Numerous genetic journals are also published from Japan with good reputation. Several leading Institution in the country including University of Tokyo, Japan Science and Technology Agency (JST), Kyoto University, Osaka University, and others are spearheading the genetic research.