Description of the Country:
Saudi Arabia officially known as the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA), is a desert country encompassing most of the Arabian Peninsula, with Red Sea and Arabian Gulf coastlines. Riyadh, the capital, is a skyscraper-filled metropolis. It is the place where Islam is born and consists of two sacred Mosques: Masjid al-Haram, in Mecca-destination of the annual Hajj pilgrimage and Medina’s Masjid- an-Nabawi-burial site of the prophet Muhammad. Geography of the Country:
Geographically it is the largest place in the Arabian Plate. As the southern borders of United Arab Emirates and Oman are not precisely marked the specific area of the country is not defined, but it is estimated 2,149,690 square kilometers. And it is the thirteenth largest state. Its geography is dominated by the Arabian Desert and associated semi-desert and shrubland.
Economy of the Country:
Saudi Arabia's command economy is petroleum-based, roughly 75% of budget revenues and 90% of export earnings come from the oil industry. It is strongly dependent on foreign workers with about 80% of those employed in the private sector being non-Saudi. In addition to petroleum and gas, Saudi also has a small gold mining sector in the Mahd adh Dhahab region and other mineral industries, an agricultural sector especially in the southwest based on dates and livestock, and large number of temporary jobs created by the roughly two million annual hajj pilgrims.
Research and Development:
In Saudi Arabia, researchers have the potential to improve the annotation of the human genome in terms of its clinical relevance, but it can also identify novel druggable targets by identifying genes whose loss of function brings about desirable phenotypic traits as recently shown with PCSK9 and CCR5 (Lederman et al. 2006. The time has never been more opportune for conducting genomic research in Saudi Arabia to empower Saudis to reap its promise of better health.