Spain is a sovereign state largely located on the Iberian Peninsula in southwestern Europe, with archipelagos in the Atlantic Ocean and Mediterranean Sea, and several small territories on and near the north African coast.
Spanish territory includes two archipelagos: the Balearic Islands, in the Mediterranean Sea, and the Canary Islands, in the Atlantic Ocean off the African coast. It also includes two major exclaves, Ceuta and Melilla, in continental North Africa; and the islands and peñones (rocks) of Alborán, Alhucemas, Chafarinas and Vélez de la Gomera. With an area of 195,360 sq mi, Spain is the second largest country in Western Europe and the European Union, and the fourth largest country in Europe.
Spain is a middle power and a developed country with the world's fourteenth largest economy by nominal GDP and sixteenth largest by purchasing power parity. It is a member of the United Nations (UN), the European Union (EU), the Council of Europe (CoE), the Organization of Ibero-American States (OEI), the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO), the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), the World Trade Organization (WTO) and many other international organisations.
Spanish companies have also expanded into Asia, especially China and India the scientific profile with the technology profile shows a good match only in the field of genetics, and microbiology. Spain’s technology production is also specialized in genomics, genetic variations, genetic mutations, also active in publishing journals like journal of gene therapy and genetics, etc. In the fields where Spain is specialized in both technology and medicine the ERA offers good opportunities for cooperation, in particular scientific research findings with researchers from several Northern and Eastern European countries, and technological cooperation with world group of congress. Spain has Nobel laureates of about 8 several institutes in the country including University of Almeria, University of Cádiz, University of Córdoba, University of Granada, University of Huelva, University of Jaen, University of Malaga, and University of Seville.