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Russia also officially known as the Russian Federation is a sovereign state in northern Eurasia. Russia, the world’s largest nation, borders European and Asian countries as well as the Pacific and Arctic oceans. Russia is a great power and a permanent member of the United Nations Security Council, a member of the G20, the Council of Europe, the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC), the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO). Its landscape ranges from tundra and forests to subtropical beaches. It is a federal semi-presidential republic. Russia is the largest country in the world, covering more than one-eighth of the Earth's inhabited land area. Russia is the world's ninth most populous country.
The nation's history began with that of the East Slavs, who emerged as a recognizable group in Europe between the 3rd and 8th centuries AD. Founded and ruled by a Varangian warrior elite and their descendants, the medieval state of Rus arose in the 9th century. In 988 it adopted Orthodox Christianity from the Byzantine Empire, beginning the synthesis of Byzantine and Slavic cultures that defined Russian culture for the next millennium. Rus' ultimately disintegrated into a number of smaller states; most of the Rus' lands were overrun by the Mongol invasion and became tributaries of the nomadic Golden Horde in the 13th century.
Cancer Science and Prevention in Russia are blossomed, Institute for Oncology Research, Northwestern State Medical University are the famous universities in Russia which paving the way for a strong native tradition in learning and innovation.
Russia received a total 27 noble awards in respective fields; Ivan Pavlov (1904), Ilya Mechnikov (1908) won noble prizes in the field of Medicine. Simon A. Holdin was Russian born clinician-oncologist. He worked as Lecturer at the Odessa Anatomical Pathology Institute and conducted experimental studies on chemical factors of carcinogenesis.