A Study of the Primary School Environment in a Local Government Area, South West Nigeria | OMICS International | Abstract
ISSN: 2161-0711

Journal of Community Medicine & Health Education
Open Access

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Research Article

A Study of the Primary School Environment in a Local Government Area, South West Nigeria

Oladele S Olatunya1,*, Saheed B Oseni2, Olorunfemi Ogundele3 and Oyeku A Oyelami2

1Department of Paediatrics, College of Medicine, Ekiti State University, Ado –Ekiti, Ekiti State, Nigeria

2Department of Paediatrics, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile – Ife, Osun State, Nigeria

3Department of Community Medicine Obafemi Awolowo University Teaching Hospital Complex, Ile – Ife, Osun State, Nigeria

*Corresponding Author:
Olatunya Oladele Simeon
Department of Paediatrics, College of Medicine
Ekiti State University, P.O. BOX 2267
Ado–Ekiti, Ekiti State, Nigeria
Tel: +2348038617705
E-mail: [email protected]

Received date October 27, 2014; Accepted date December 17, 2014; Published date December 19, 2014

Citation: Olatunya OS, Oseni SB, Ogundele O, Oyelami OA (2014) A Study of the Primary School Environment in a Local Government Area, South West Nigeria. J Community Med Health Educ 4:321. doi:10.4172/2161-0711.1000321

Copyright: © 2014 Olatunya OS, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.


Background: School environment connotes the physical, biological and social milieu within which members of the school community operate. Its status has great impact on the health of the school children and other members of the community.

Objective: To assess the healthfulness of the primary school environment in Ilesa East Local Government Area, Osun State, Southwest Nigeria.

Methods: A cross sectional descriptive study of all primary schools in the area was done using a validated healthful school environment checklist. Data was analyzed using SPSS and compared between the two ownership groups of the schools.

Results: There were 64 schools in all, of which 34 were public schools and 30 were private schools. All (100%) practiced open dumping and burning of refuse. Sundry health hazards were found in 81% of studied schools. The recommended toilet-pupils ratio existed in only 5.8% of the schools. Water sources were located far away in 24% of the schools with water supply. Dilapidated Classrooms were found in 42.2% of the schools. There was no difference between the scores of the two groups of schools. P=0.923 (Mann-Whitney U Test).

Conclusion: The school environment was not healthy in most schools. There is a need to monitor and enforce the implementation of national guidelines on school environment in the study area.