A Study on the Self-Reported Quality of Life of HIV-Positive Slum-Dwellers in Mumbai, India
- *Corresponding Author:
- Sanjeev K Gupta
Formerly Assistant Professor
Department of Community Medicine
Mahatma Gandhi Medical College & Research Institute
Cuddalore Main Road Pillayarkuppam Pondicherry, India
Tel: 91-7639656802, 91-7639656801
E-mail: [email protected]
Received date: June 15, 2012; Accepted date: September 24, 2012; Published date: September 26, 2012
Citation: Gupta SK, Shrivastava AK, Gupta P, Sharma P, Sarawagi R (2012) A Study on the Self-Reported Quality of Life of HIV-Positive Slum-Dwellers in Mumbai, India. J Community Med Health Educ 2:172. doi: 10.4172/2161-0711.1000172
Copyright: © 2012 Gupta SK, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Background: HIV/AIDS emerged as one of the most important public health issues of the late twentieth and early twenty-first centuries and is now one of the leading causes of global morbidity and mortality. The objective of this study was to determine quality of life of people living with HIV/AIDS by using different Domain Scores.
Methods: This was a Bi-centric qualitative cross-sectional study, which was conducted in the three phases, by using standard, validated questionnaires used in WHOQOL HIV –BREF.
Findings: Correlation of mean score of overall quality of life and general health score were statistically significant for gender, occupation, per capita income, age, education, marital status, current illness, treatment, CD4 count, HIV status and duration of disease. Correlation coefficient of different domains viz. physical health, psychological health, leave of independence, social relationship, environment, personal belief and spirituality, with overall quality of life score and general health score ranged from + 0.4 to + 0.7. 1.4. Conclusions Although overall quality of life was affected by different socio-demographic determinants, CD4 count, treatment, HIV status and duration of disease, it was contributed by six domain viz. Physical, Psychological, Level of independence, Social relationship, Environment and Spirituality / religion/ personal belief. So, a different approach under integrated program is required to strengthen the most affected domain in above variable to improve overall quality of life of people living with HIV/AIDS.