alexa An Assessment of Religious Impediments to Polio Vaccina
ISSN: 2167-0846

Journal of Pain & Relief
Open Access

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Research Article

An Assessment of Religious Impediments to Polio Vaccination in Tehsil Khwazakhela, Swat

Liaqat Ali1, Arsalan Mussawar2, Mussawar Shah1*, Asad Ullah1, Azam Jan3 and Rameez Raja1
1Department of Rural Sociology, the University of Agriculture, Peshawar, Pakistan
2Ayub Medical College Abootabad, Pakistan
3Cardio Thoracic Surgery, Rehman Medical Institute, Peshawar, Pakistan
*Corresponding Author : Mussawar Shah
Department of Rural Sociology, The University of Agriculture
Peshawar, Pakistan
Tel: 92 91 9218438
Fax: 92 91 9216520
E-mail: [email protected]
Received January 02, 2016; Accepted March 22, 2016; Published March 25, 2016
Citation: Ali L, Mussawar A, Shah M, Ullah A, Jan A, et al. (2016) An Assessment of Religious Impediments to Polio Vaccination in Tehsil Khwazakhela, Swat. J Pain Relief 5: 241. doi:10.4172/2167-0846.1000241
Copyright: © 2016 Ali L, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.


The objective of this study was to assess religious impediments to polio vaccination. The study was carried out in tehsil Khwazakhela of District Swat, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan. A sample size of 200 respondents was selected through simple random sampling. Chi square test statistics was used to test the association between the study variables i.e. religious barriers (independent variable) and impediments to polio vaccination (dependent variable). At Bi-variate level association of impediments to polio vaccination was found significant with clergies fatwah (verdict) against polio vaccination (P=0.040), perceiving polio vaccine as American ploy (P=0.001), common superstition spread by extremists (P=0.033) and militants threatened the people (P=0.028). Propaganda based on religious misbeliefs that polio vaccination is un-Islamic drive, aimed at sterilizing young Muslim male and female had some roots amongst the masses as exhibited from the findings of the data. A well-patronized campaign over media through proper display of victims from polio with explicit display of agonies of the polio victims is essential. Religious scholars efforts in endorsing polio vaccination drive could also make it undisputed amongst the users. This will act as catalyst in removing the fears, misconceptions and myths, and other fabricated stories from the minds of locals.


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