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Journal of Medical Physiology and Therapeutics- Open Access Journals

Journal of Medical Physiology & Therapeutics
Open Access

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Editorial Board
Editor Image

Wayne Grant Carter
Research Group Leader
University of Nottingham
United Kingdom

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Khue Vu Nguyen
Full Project Scientist
Departments of Medicine and Pediatrics
University of California
School of Medicine
San Diego

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Joanna Kocot
Assistant Professor
Medical University of Lublin

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Nino Muradashivili
Assistant Professor
Department of Physiology
University of Louisville

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Table of Contents
About the Journal

Journal of Medical Physiology and Therapeutics is an international and integrative journal committed to the advancement of conservative health care principles and practices. Medical physiology is field of science in which we study the various systems of the body from a molecular level through integrated functioning as it relates to the whole being. Generally, the term medical physiology applies to human beings. However, the science of physiology applies equally to all living things. In other words, what is understood about cellular metabolism in any kind of plant or animal can be extrapolated to human physiology. Physiology includes comparative physiology, developmental physiology, hormonal physiology, and pathological physiology. Therapeutics is defined as treatment and care to combat disease or alleviate pain or injury. The term comes from the Greek therapeutikos, which means “inclined to serve.” Its tools include drugs, surgery, radiation therapy, mechanical devices, diet, and psychiatry. Therefore by combining these fields which are interlinked medical physiology and therapeutics is formed.

Journal of medical physiology focuses on topics related to medical physiology like General Physiology, nervous system, Sensory Physiology, Muscles Physiology, Cardiovascular Physiology, Dermatology , Ocular physiology , Blood Physiology, Respiratory Physiology, Endocrinology, Immunology, Reproductive Physiology, Renal Physiology, Gastrointestinal physiology, Pathophysiology, Cell and Molecular Biology, Medical Biochemistry, Respiration, Neurophysiology, Central Nervous System, Gastrointestinal and Liver Physiology, Reproductive Physiology, Renal Physiology, Endocrinology and Metabolism, Homeostasis, Comparative and Evolutionary Physiology, Haematology, Biotechnology, Pharmaceutical and clinical research, Systemic and Organ Physiology. Topics related to exercise physiology, environmental physiology, physiology of aging, biomechanics, and nutrition comes under Integrative Physiology.

Journal of Medical Physiology and Therapeutics is a great source to publish access and enhance the knowledge related to the physiology of an organism at cellular or molecular, behavioural, system level. This Journal also emphasize on drugs, therapy and devices related to the human physiology. The Journal publishes original primary research and review articles Research Articles/ Mini Reviews/ Case Reports/ Short Communication/ Editorials, which may advance our current knowledge about physiology and therapeutics of the highest quality in relevant topic areas. This journal addresses practitioners and researchers needs by adding to their clinical and basic science knowledge and by informing them about relevant issues that influence health care practices.


Neurophysiology is a branch of physiology used to study the functions of the nervous system. It is concerned with the investigation of function in the central and peripheral nervous system. It assists the diagnosis of neurological disorders and plays a role in monitoring people who have disorders affecting the brain including viral encephalitis, meningitis, strokes or are suffering with dementia. Neurophysiology is related to other sciences concerning the brain like electrophysiology, neurobiology, and neurology. Clinical neurophysiology is a medical specialty encompassing both research regarding the pathophysiology along with clinical methods used to diagnose diseases involving both central and peripheral nervous systems.

Related Journals of Neurosciences

Journal of Neurology & Neurophysiology, Journal of Neuroinfectious Diseases, Journal of Neurophysiology, National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology, Clinical Neurophysiology.

Cardiovascular System

Cardiovascular Physiology is a branch of physiology concerned with the study of the circulatory system, involving blood flow, the cardiac cycle and cardiac output and how these depend on one another. The heart is a muscular organ which pumps blood through the blood vessels of the circulatory system provides the body with oxygen and nutrients and helps in the removal of metabolic wastes. The heart is divided into four chambers and pumps blood through the body. Blood low in oxygen from the systemic circulation enters the right atrium from the superior and inferior venae cavae and passes to the right ventricle. From here it is pumped into the pulmonary circulation, through the lungs where it receives oxygen and gives off carbon dioxide. Oxygenated blood then returns to the left atrium, passes through the left ventricle and is pumped out through the aorta to the systemic circulation−where the oxygen is used and metabolized to carbon dioxide. The cardiac cycle refers to a complete heartbeat which includes systole and diastole and the intervening pause. Cardiac output (CO) is a measurement of the amount of blood pumped by each ventricle (stroke volume) in one minute.

Related Journals of  Cardiovascular System

Cardiovascular Pharmacology: Open Access, Anatomy & Physiology: Current Research, Journal of Cardiovascular Electrophysiology, The Journal of Physiological Sciences, Cardiovascular Physiology.

Renal System Physiology

Renal Physiology is a branch of physiology concerned with the study of kidney and its functions. The kidneys regulate the fluid and electrolyte balance of the body by continually filtering the blood. Nephron is the smallest functional unit of the kidney which helps to purify toxic metabolic waste products from the blood. Much of renal physiology is studied at the level of the nephron. The functions of the kidney can be divided into three groups: secretion of hormones, gluconeogenesis and extracellular homeostasis of pH and blood components. The kidney's ability to perform many of its functions depends on the three fundamental functions of filtration, reabsorption, and secretion, whose sum is renal excretion.

Related Journals of Renal System Physiology

Journal of Nephrology & Therapeutics, Journal of Nephrology & Therapeutics, American Journal of Physiology - Renal Physiology, Human Physiology, Journal of Anatomy and Physiology.

Respiratory Physiology

Respiratory physiology is the branch of human physiology concerned with the study of respiration. The human respiratory system is a biological system consisting of a series of organs responsible for taking in oxygen and releasing carbon dioxide to the environment. The lungs are the primary organs of respiration, which takes in oxygen and helps breathe out carbon dioxide. The lungs are a part of the lower respiratory tract that begins at the trachea and branches into the bronchi and bronchioles. These divide until air reaches microscopic alveoli and the process of gas exchange takes place.

Related Journals of Respiratory Physiology

Biochemistry & Physiology: Open Access, Biology and Medicine, Respiratory Physiology & Neurobiology, Respiratory Physiology, Journal of Human Anatomy & Physiology.


Neurohormones are physiologically active substances produced by specialized cells (neurosecretory cells) structurally typical of the nervous, rather than of the endocrine system. The neurohormones pass along nerve-cell extensions (axons). Neurohormones are released into the bloodstream at special regions called neurohemal organs. Neurohormones constitute of chemical stimuli and sensory stimuli. The hypothalamus produces releasing hormones, neurohypophysial hormones, enkephalins and endorphins.

Related Journals of Neurohormones

Journal of Autacoids and Hormones, Neurohormone, Journal of Neuroinfectious Diseases, Journal of Comparative Physiology, Neurohormones of invertebrates, Regeneration neurohormones and growth factors in echinoderms.

Energy Metabolism

Energy metabolism is generally defined as the entirety of an organism's chemical processes. These chemical processes typically occur in the form of complex metabolic pathways within the cell, generally categorized as catabolic or anabolic. In humans, the study of energy flows and how energy processed in the body is termed bioenergetics. It is deal with the breakdown of macromolecules such as fats, proteins, and carbohydrates, to provide usable energy for growth, repair, and physical activity. Energy metabolism is the process of generating energy (ATP) from nutrients. Metabolism comprises a series of interconnected pathways that can function in the presence or absence of oxygen. Aerobic metabolism converts one glucose molecule into 30-32 ATP molecules. Fermentation or anaerobic metabolism is less efficient than aerobic metabolism.

Related Journals of Energy Metabolism

Molecular Histology & Medical Physiology, Journal of Diabetes & Metabolism, Energy metabolism, Energy metabolism, fuel selection and body weight regulation, Extreme Physiology & Medicine: a new journal focussed on integrative human physiology under stress.

Apoptotic Activity

Apoptosis is a gene-directed program has had profound implications for our understanding of developmental biology and tissue homeostasis, for it implies that cell numbers can be regulated by factors that influence cell survival as well as those that control proliferation and differentiation. Apoptosis is also called programmed cell death which occurs in multi cellular organisms. Biochemical events lead to characteristic cell changes (morphology) and death. The changes due to apoptosis including cell shrinkage, membrane blebbing, chromatin condensation, nuclear fragmentation and global mRNA decay. The cells die due to apoptosis in the average human adult is between 50 and 70 billion and for average child, approximately 20 billion to 30 billion cells die a day.

Related Journals of Apoptotic Activity

Biochemistry & Physiology: Open Access, Journal of Cell Science and Apoptosis, Apoptosis Journals, Apoptosis in cancer, Apoptosis: A Review of Programmed Cell Death, Chaos and fractals in human physiology.

Muscular System

The muscular system is the biological system of humans which produces movement. The muscular system is controlled by the nervous system, although some muscles, like cardiac muscle, can be completely autonomous. Muscle is contractile tissue and is derived from the mesodermal layer of embryonic germ cells. Its functions are locomotion, vasoconstriction and vasodilatation, peristalsis, cardiac motion, posture maintenance, heat generation. It also contributes to blood glucose balance by storing energy as glycogen. Indirectly it contributes to the well-being of the organism by simply allowing a person to move about by having our skin intact to muscles help us with our facial expressions. In the nervous system it helps monitor body position. Muscles provide us with protecting our endocrine glands and digestive organs. Muscles also aid in moving blood through veins, protect deep blood vessels and help the lymphatic system move lymph.

Related Journals of Muscular System

Anatomy & Physiology: Current Research, Journal of Sports Medicine & Doping Studies, Skeletal muscle physiology, Muscle Physiology and Contraction Theories, Muscle memory.

Integumentary System

The integumentary system is involved in protecting the body from invading microbes (mainly by forming a thick impenetrable layer), regulating body temperature through sweating and vasodilation, or shivering and piloerection (goose bumps), and regulating ion balances in the blood. A change in blood flow is produced due to stimulation of mast cells. It also helps synthesize vitamin D which interacts with calcium and phosphorus absorption needed for bone growth and maintenance. Hair on the skin guards entrance into the nasal cavity or other orifices preventing invaders of getting further into our bodies. Our skin also helps maintain balance by excretion of water and other solutes (i.e.) the keratinized epidermis limits fluid loss through skin.

Related Journals of Integumentary System

Journal of Medical Microbiology & Diagnosis, Journal of Cytology & Histology, Integumentary system, The integumentary system: anatomy, physiology and function of skin, System Physiology.

Gastrointestinal Physiology

Gastrointestinal Physiology looks at the functioning of the gastrointestinal system. It is a branch of human physiology concerned with the functions of the gastrointestinal system. Gastrointestinal health is maintained by four basic processes that are digestion, secretion, motility and absorption. Digestion describes how food is broken into small biochemical components, absorption is concerned with how the small biochemical components are absorbed into the body, motility explains how food and waste products move from mouth to anus and secretion tells how the digestive juices are controlled or secreted. The gastrointestinal tract starts from the mouth and terminates at the anus.

Related Journals of Gastrointestinal Physiology

Biochemistry & Physiology: Open Access, Journal of Cytology & Histology, Human Physiology, The Journal of Physiology, Global Journal of Human Anatomy and Physiology Research.


Chronobiology is a field of biology that examines periodic phenomena in living organisms and their adaptation to solar- and lunar-related rhythms. These cycles are known as biological rhythms. These are behaviour’s or developments that occur as part of a life cycle. Biological rhythms can be Internal (endogenous) that is controlled by the internal biological clock e.g. body temperature cycle and external (exogenous) which is controlled by synchronizing internal cycles with external stimuli e.g. sleep/wakefulness and day/night. Biological Rhythms are: Circadian rhythms which endogenously generated rhythms with a period close to 24 hours. Diurnal rhythms are a circadian rhythm that is synchronized with the day/night cycle. Ultradian rhythms are biological rhythms (e.g. feeding cycles) with a period much shorter (i.e., frequency much higher) than that of a circadian rhythm. Infradian rhythms are biological rhythms with a cycle of more than 24 hours (e.g. the human menstrual cycle).

Related Journals of Biological Rhythms

Molecular Histology & Medical Physiology
, Anatomy & Physiology: Current Research, The Journal of Physiological Sciences, Circadian Physiology, Cardiovascular reactivity, stress, and physical activity.

Physical Anthropology

Physical anthropology, branch of anthropology deals with the origin, evolution, their variability, and adaptations to environmental stresses. We can examine physical form of humans - the bones, muscles, and organs and its functions to allow survival and reproduction, by using an evolutionary perspective. Physical anthropology is a subfield of anthropology that provides a biological perspective to the systematic study of human beings. As a subfield of anthropology, biological anthropology itself is further divided into several branches - Paleoanthropology, Primatology, Genetics, Human ecology, Bioarchaeology, Growth and development, Anthropometry, Forensics.

Related Journals of Physical Anthropology

Journal of Phylogenetics & Evolutionary Biology, Anthropology, American Journal of Physical Anthropology, Journal of Human Evolution, Frontiers in Ecology and Evolution.


Electrophysiology is the study of the electrical properties of biological cells and tissues. It involves measurements of voltage change or electric current on a wide variety of scales from single ion channel proteins to whole organs like the heart. Electrophysiology is a branch of cardiology that deals with the diagnosis and treatment of heart rhythm disorders. They are useful for electrodiagnosis and monitoring. Electrophysiology doctors do three things: Ablate (Burn or freeze), Implant and manage cardiac devices, Take care of patients. In neuroscience, it includes measurements of the electrical activity of neurons, and particularly action potential activity. Recordings of large-scale electric signals from the nervous system, such as electroencephalography, may also be referred to as electrophysiological recordings.

Related Journals of Electrophysiology

Biochemistry & Physiology: Open Access, Biology and Medicine, Journal of Cardiovascular Electrophysiology, Circulation: Arrhythmia and Electrophysiology,  Clinical Electrophysiology.

Metabolic Flexibility

Metabolic flexibility is the capacity for the organism to adapt fuel oxidation to fuel availability. One of the major ways the body achieves this flexibility is through insulin. Insulin has powerful effects on the use of fuels. Namely, high insulin means carbs will be the preferred source of fuel, and low insulin means fat will be preferred. The inability to modify fuel oxidation in response to changes in nutrient availability has been implicated in the accumulation of intramyocellular lipid and insulin resistance The metabolic flexibility assessed by the ability to switch from fat to carbohydrate oxidation is usually impaired during a hyperinsulinemic clamp in insulin-resistant subjects; however, this “metabolic inflexibility” is mostly the consequence of impaired cellular glucose uptake.

Related Journals of Metabolic Flexibility

Journal of Diabetes & Metabolism, Journal of Metabolic Syndrome, Metabolic flexibility and insulin resistance, Metabolic Flexibility in Response to Glucose Is Not Impaired in People With Type 2 Diabetes After Controlling for Glucose Disposal Rate.

Physiology of Aging and Gerontology

Aging is a physiological change that takes place in the human body leading to senescence, the decline of biological functions and of the ability to adapt to metabolic stress. Gerontology is the study of the social, cognitive, psychological and biological aspects of aging. Gerontologists include researchers and practitioners in the fields of biology, nursing, medicine, criminology, dentistry, social work, physical and occupational therapy, psychology, psychiatry, sociology, economics, political science, architecture, geography, pharmacy, public health, housing, and anthropology. Gerontology is divided into different types - Biogeronology, Social gerontology, Environmental gerontology.

Related Journals of Physiology of Aging and Gerontology

Anatomy & Physiology: Current Research, Journal of Aging Science, Journal of Aging and Gerontology, Psychology and Aging, Journal of Aging and Health.


Hemodynamics is the fluid dynamics of blood flow. The circulatory system is controlled by homeostatic mechanisms, much as hydraulic circuits are controlled by control systems. Hemodynamic response continuously monitors and adjusts to conditions in the body and its environment. Thus hemodynamics explains the physical laws that govern the flow of blood in the blood vessels. Hemodynamics is an important part of cardiovascular physiology dealing with the forces the pump (the heart) has to develop to circulate blood through the cardiovascular system. Adequate blood circulation is a necessary condition for adequate supply of oxygen to all tissues, which, in return, is synonymous with cardiovascular health, survival of surgical patients, longevity and quality of life. Hypertension and congestive heart failure are two best known systemic hemodynamic disorders.

Related Journals of Hemodynamics

Journal of Cardiovascular Diseases & Diagnosis, Insights in Blood Pressure, Role of Hemodynamics in Pulmonary Vascular, Vascular Hemodynamics, Hemodynamics in premature infants with sepsis.


The term “theranostics” was coined to define ongoing efforts in clinics to develop more specific, individualized therapies for various diseases, and to combine diagnostic and therapeutic capabilities into a single agent. The rationale arose from the fact that diseases, such as cancers, are immensely heterogeneous, and all existing treatments are effective for only limited patient subpopulations and at selective stages of disease development. The emergence of nanotechnology has offered an opportunity to draw diagnosis and therapy closer. Nanoparticle (NP)-based imaging and therapy have been investigated separately, and understanding of them has now evolved to a point enabling the birth of NP-based theranostics, which can be defined as nanoplatforms that can co-deliver therapeutic and imaging functions.

Journals related to Theranostic

Journal of Biomolecular Research & Therapeutics, Journal of Chemical Biology & Therapeutics, Journal of Pharmacokinetics & Experimental Therapeutics, Theranostics Journal Impact & Description, Introducing Theranostics Journal.


Active Pharmaceutical Ingredients

Active Pharmaceutical Ingredient (API) and bulk active are also used in medicine, and the term active substance may be used for natural products. API, Active Pharmaceutical Ingredients are portions of any drug, which are active. Thus, depending on the drug’s administered dosage, the reactions and results differ. Certain drugs are comprised of more than one kind of API. Any drug is composed of two components. The first is the Active Pharmaceutical Ingredients, which is the central ingredient. The second is known as an excipient. This refers to the substance inside the drug or tablet. If it is in syrup form, then the excipient will be the liquid that has been used. Thus, excipients are the inactive or inert substances present inside a drug while the Active Pharmaceutical Ingredients is the chemically active substance, which is meant to produce the desired effect in the body. Certain Active Pharmaceutical Ingredients are unknown and hence require additional substances, which can work in conjunction with the API to produce the required medicinal effect.

Journals related to Active Pharmaceutical Ingredients

Journal of Chemical Biology & Therapeutics, Journal of Pharmacokinetics & Experimental Therapeutics, Characterisation of active pharmaceutical ingredients,  Understanding Active Pharmaceutical Ingredients, Significance in Active Pharmaceutical Ingredient.

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