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Climate Change Impact on Land Suitability for Rainfed Crop Production in Lake Haramaya Watershed, Eastern Ethiopia | OMICS International | Abstract
ISSN: 2157-7617

Journal of Earth Science & Climatic Change
Open Access

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Research Article

Climate Change Impact on Land Suitability for Rainfed Crop Production in Lake Haramaya Watershed, Eastern Ethiopia

Robai N Liambila* and Kibebew Kibret
School of Natural Resources Management and Environmental Sciences, Haramaya University, Ethiopia
*Corresponding Author : Robai N Liambila
School of Natural Resources Management
and Environmental Sciences
Haramaya University, Ethiopia
Tel no: +254721268006
E-mail: [email protected]
Received: March 14, 2016 Accepted: March 30, 2016 Published: April 04, 2016
Citation: Liambila RN, Kibret K (2016) Climate Change Impact on Land Suitability for Rainfed Crop Production in Lake Haramaya Watershed, Eastern Ethiopia. J Earth Sci Clim Change. 7:343. doi:10.4172/2157-7617.1000343
Copyright: © 2016 Liambila RN, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

Abstract

Understanding the effects of climate change on land suitability for crop production has become an important issue with respect to food security. The main objective of this study was to evaluate the impacts of climate change on land suitability for rainfed crop diversification under current and future climate change scenario in Legambo sub-watershed. Microcomputer Land Evaluation Information System Decision Support System (MicroLEIS DSS) through the application of Almagra and Terraza models was used. Almagra model assesses the suitability of different soil types to a specific crop. Terraza model provides an experimental prediction for the bioclimatic deficiency. Soil morphological and analytical data were obtained from 4 representative soil profiles and stored in the Soil Database (SDBm). Agro-climatic data for 20 consecutive years (1995-2014), were obtained from National Meteorological Agency and incorporated to the Climate Database (CDBm). A future scenario of climate change was calculated according to the predictions of Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) on regions of East Africa under scenario Representative Concentration Pathway (RCP) 8.5(high-emission scenario) by 2100. The results show that, the most suitable crops to grow in the study area are sweet potato > sorghum > maize > soybean > wheat in respect of that order. The main limitation factors for land suitability are soil texture and drainage conditions. Bioclimatic deficiency evaluation showed a positive response to climate change, with percent yield reduction decreasing. The net effect of climate change on land suitability is positive for both hypothetical scenarios and therefore, the study area is suitable for rainfed crop production for the selected Land Use Types (LUTs).

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