Disease Occurrence and Socio-demographic Profile in Self-perceived Cases of Malaria in Fringe Areas of a Cantonment in India
- *Corresponding Author:
- Dr. Jayanti Acharya
Asst Professor in Community Medicine
Bhaskar Medical College Yenkapally
Moinabad, RR Dist, AP, India
Tel: 9848685338; 040-27111603
Received date: March 15, 2012; Accepted date: March 26, 2013; Published date: March 28, 2013
Citation: Acharya J (2013) Disease Occurrence and Socio-demographic Profile in Self-perceived Cases of Malaria in Fringe Areas of a Cantonment in India. J Community Med Health Educ 3:203. doi: 10.4172/2161-0711.1000203
Copyright: © 2013 Acharya J. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Background: Fringe areas of cantonments may report less cases of Malaria due to availability, implementation and utilization of anti-malaria preventive and control measures in the cantonment. Methods: In the present study, an effort was made to find out as to what percentage of self-perceived cases is actually confirmed by a positive blood smear and their common socio-demographic profile. Study design and variables: House to house survey was carried out by the authors. The variables used were selfperceived and confirmed cases of Malaria, socio-demographic profile including duration of stay, location of residence, type of family, living status, age and sex distribution, marital status, education, occupation and social class. Results: Analysis was carried out with proportions. Of the 210 self-perceived cases, only 2 cases were confirmed by blood smear exam (0.95%, SPR 0.0137). The common socio-demographic profile that emerged was that of relatively young and educated persons from nuclear families in the middle social class who perceived their fever as malaria. Conclusion: There is a constant need for evaluating socio-demographic profile of fever cases in different communities and thus implement programmes to enhance awareness levels about communicable diseases like malaria and available anti-malarial services.