alexa Diversity Investigation of the Seaweeds Growing on the Lebanese Coast | OMICS International | Abstract
ISSN: 2155-9910

Journal of Marine Science: Research & Development
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Research Article

Diversity Investigation of the Seaweeds Growing on the Lebanese Coast

Hussein Kanaan1* Oksana Belous2,3 and Ali Chokr4,5

1Laboratory of Seaweeds Polysaccharides and Chemical Synthesis, Faculty of Pharmacy, Lebanese University, Beirut, Lebanon

2Pacific Institute of Bioorganic Chemistry, Far Eastern Branch of the Russian Federation Academy of Sciences, Vladivostok, Russia

3Far Eastern Federal Universities, Vladivostok, Russia

4Laboratory of Microbiology, Department of Biology, Faculty of Sciences I, Lebanese University, Hadath Campus, Beirut, Lebanon

5PRASE, Platform of Research and Analysis in Environmental Sciences, Doctoral School of Sciences and Technologies, Lebanese University, PO Box 5, Hadath Campus, Beirut, Lebanon

*Corresponding Author:
Dr. Hussein Kanaan
Faculty of Pharmacy
Lebanese University
Campus Hadath, Beirut, Lebanon
Tel: +9613703532
E-mail: [email protected]

Received date December 12, 2013; Accepted date December 29, 2014; Published date December 31, 2014

Citation: Kanaan H, Belous O, Chokr A (2015) Diversity Investigation of the Seaweeds Growing on the Lebanese Coast. J Marine Sci Res Dev 5:156. doi:10.4172/2155-9910.1000156

Copyright: © 2015 Kanaan H, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

Abstract

By specialized underwater cameras we have filmed and collected samples of algae from the following sites along the Lebanese coast: Batroun, Barbara, Manara, Officer’s Military club, Saida, Sarafand, Tyre and Naqoura. We have identified ninety-four species of algae that grow along the Lebanese coast and we have established a collection sites map of these algal species. The identification of the samples was done in three steps: (1) Determine the largest group (green, brown and red algae) to which the sample belongs, then continue searching within the most likely group. (2) Seek off in the succession of morphological types which proposed that the sample is approaching. (3) Seek out using the illustrations and descriptions a satisfactory identification. It is worth noting that confirmation cannot be obtained in all cases unless a careful reading of the description is done. (4) We then proceeded to the classification of the collected seaweeds which are distributed as follows: Rhodophyta forty one species, Ochrophyta
twenty two species, Chlorophyta twenty six species and Cyanobacteria five species. (5) Synthesis: The present study allowed us to establish a primary infrastructure regarding the distribution of the Lebanese seaweeds. Such findings represent an important scientific support concerning the Mediterranean seaweeds, which provides a great assist in algal studies and all its applications. This screening of the Lebanese coastline shows a broad and significant algal distribution. The most common algal types among the identified ones are: Sargassum, Padina, Laurencia, Ulva, Corallina, Hypnea, Chondracanthus, Jania, Amphiroa, Pterocladia, Cladophera, Codium.

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