Fraction of Fatal Accidents Attributable to Alcohol in RussiaRazvodovsky YE*
Grodno State Medical University, 80 Gorky Street, Grodno 230009, Belarus, Russia
- *Corresponding Author:
- Dr. Razvodovsky YE
Grodno State Medical University, 80 Gorky Street
Grodno 230009, Belarus, Russia
Tel: + 375 0152 70 18 84
E-mail: [email protected]; [email protected]
Received date: May 12, 2015; Accepted date: May 28, 2015; Published date: June 3, 2015
Citation: Razvodovsky YE (2015) Fraction of Fatal Accidents Attributable to Alcohol in Russia. J Community Med Health Educ 5: 352. doi: 10.4172/2161-0711.1000351
Copyright: © 2015 Razvodovsky YE. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
There is common believe that high level of alcohol consumption in conjunction with binge drinking pattern is a major determinant of accident mortality crisis in Russia. Objective: The aim of the present study was to estimate the fraction of accident mortality attributable to alcohol in Russia using aggregate-level data. Method: Age-standardized sex-specific male and female accident mortality data for the period 1970-2010 and data on overall alcohol consumption were analyzed by means ARIMA (autoregressive integrated moving average) time series analysis. Alcohol consumption was significantly associated with both male and female accident mortality rates: a 1 liter increase in overall alcohol consumption would result in a 7.3% increase in the male accident mortality rate and in 6.2% increase in the female mortality rate. The results of the analysis suggest that 62.4% of all male accident deaths and 56.4% female deaths in Russia could be attributed to alcohol. Conclusions: The outcomes of this study provide support for the hypothesis that alcohol is an important contributor to the accident mortality rate in Russian Federation. The findings from the present study have important implications as regards accident mortality prevention indicating that a restrictive alcohol policy can be considered as an effective measure of prevention in countries where higher rate of alcohol consumption conjunct with binge drinking pattern.