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Medical Comorbidities in Patients with Alcohol Dependence Does Nicotine Matter? | OMICS International | Abstract
ISSN: 1522-4821

International Journal of Emergency Mental Health and Human Resilience
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Research Article

Medical Comorbidities in Patients with Alcohol Dependence Does Nicotine Matter?

Shivanand Kattimani1, Siddharth Sarkar2, Balaji Bharadwaj1, Subahani Shaik3, Vikas Menon1, Vadivelan Mehalingam4*

1Assistant Professor, Department of Psychiatry, Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education and Research (JIPMER), Puducherry, India

2Assistant Professor, Department of Psychiatry and National Drug Dependence Treatment Centre, All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS), New Delhi, India

3Junior Resident, Department of Psychiatry, Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education and Research (JIPMER), Puducherry, India

4Associate Professor, Department of Medicine, Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education and Research (JIPMER), Puducherry, India

*Corresponding Author:
E-mail: [email protected]

Abstract

Background and aims: Substance use disorders are associated with adverse health consequences. The present study aimed to find whether additional nicotine dependence was associated with greater rates of medical morbidity among patients with alcohol dependence.

Methods: The study was conducted at a de-addiction centre attached to a tertiary-care hospital in South India. Presence of medical comorbidities was assessed through selfreport supplemented by medical records. The rates of medical comorbidities were compared between those having only alcohol dependence, and those with both alcohol and nicotine dependence.

Results: The present study included 102 patients with concurrent alcohol and nicotine dependence and 20 patients with only alcohol dependence. The overall occurrence of medical comorbidity in the entire sample was 66.4%, with gastritis being the commonest. The rates of medical disorders did not statistically differ between those with alcohol dependence and those with concurrent alcohol and nicotine dependence.

Conclusion: A large proportion of patients with alcohol use disorders presenting to a tertiary care center have medical comorbidities. In the current study, it was not possible to determine if concurrent nicotine dependence increased the risk of medical comorbidities.

Google Scholar citation report
Citations : 1498

International Journal of Emergency Mental Health and Human Resilience received 1498 citations as per Google Scholar report

International Journal of Emergency Mental Health and Human Resilience peer review process verified at publons
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