Metabolic Syndrome (Ms) among Adults in Urban Slums - A Cross Sectional Study in Hyderabad, Andhra Pradesh, IndiaLavanya KM*, Vimala Thomas, Muralidhar and Nageshwar Rao
Andhra University, Vishakapatnam, Andhra Pradesh, India
- *Corresponding Author:
- Lavanya KM
Andhra University, 7/8, Prakash Road
New Town, Anantapur, Andhra Pradesh, India
E-mail: [email protected]
Received date: November 17, 2012; Accepted date: December 28, 2012; Published date: December 31, 2012
Citation: Lavanya KM, Vimala Thomas, Muralidhar, Nageshwar Rao (2012) Metabolic Syndrome (Ms) among Adults in Urban Slums – A Cross Sectional Study in Hyderabad, Andhra Pradesh, India. J Community Med Health Educ 2:192. doi: 10.4172/2161-0711.1000192
Copyright: © 2012 Lavanya KM, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Background: The prevalence of Metabolic Syndrome is rapidly increasing in the world including India and other South Asian countries, leading to increased morbidity and mortality due to type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and cardiovascular disease (CVD). Hence this study has been taken. Objectives: To estimate the prevalence of Metabolic Syndrome and its components in urban slums of Hyderabad. Materials and Methods: • Study design: Community based Cross sectional study. • Study area: Randomly selected three Urban slums of Hyderabad (Sundernagar, Nehrunagar and Moulana Azad nagar). • Study period: 6 months (Jan 2012 to June 2012). • Tools: Mercurial sphygmomanometer (Diamond), Weighing machine, Reinforced fibre elastic tape, Stethoscope, a predesigned and pretested questionnaire. • Sample size: 350 sampling: Systematic Random sampling procedure. • Study variables: Blood pressure, BMI, socioeconomic status, waist circumference, fasting blood sugar and lipid profile. Statistical analysis: Analyzed using Microsoft Excel 2007 and Epi info 3.5.3. Results: The study population included 170 (48.6%) males and 180 (51.4%) females. Majority belonged to 41- 60 years 165 (47.1%). Majority 126 (36.1%) belonged to upper lower class. The prevalence of Metabolic Syndrome was 23.6%, 17.1% in men and 29.4% in women. Increased Blood pressure above 130/84 mm of mercury was seen in 29.2% subjects with 25.7% in males and 32.4% in females. Fasting Blood Glucose above 100 mg/dl was seen in 26.4% subjects with 28.6% in males and 24.3% in females. Conclusions: Metabolic syndrome and risk factors are high in the urban slums and measures to reduce them is the need of the hour.