alexa Mothers Reporting on Nonfatal Child Injuries and the As
ISSN: 2161-0711

Journal of Community Medicine & Health Education
Open Access

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Research Article

Mothers Reporting on Nonfatal Child Injuries and the Association to Physical Punishment and Child Labor: A Household Survey

Galal SB1,*, Hamad S2, Elbelbasy R2, Al-Sayed Z2and Galal MO3

1Public Health and Medical Sociology, Cairo, Egypt

2Professor and Assistant Professor of Public Health, Community and Industrial Medicine Department, Faculty of Medicine (G) Al-Azhar University, Cairo, Egypt

3Department of Cardiology, Princes Salman Heart Center, Riyadh, KSA, and University Hospital, Essen, Germany

*Corresponding Author:
Salma B Galal
Egypt Research and Evaluation Network (EREN)
Cairo, Egypt
E-mail: [email protected]

Received date: December 28, 2015 Accepted date: February 16, 2016 Published date: February 29, 2016

Citation:Galal SB, Hamad S, Elbelbasy R, Al-Sayed Z, Galal MO (2016) Mothers’ Reporting on Nonfatal Child Injuries and the Association to Physical Punishment and Child Labor: A Household Survey. J Community Med Health 6:397. doi:10.4172/2161-0711.1000397

Copyright: © 2016 Galal SB, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited



Introduction: Serious injuries can be accessed in hospitals or surveillance data, while mild injuries are to a great extend available from community or household surveys. Nonfatal injuries may become a cause for disability and psychological disturbance in childhood. There are only few studies addressing the risk of physical punishment or child labor on child injuries.

Objectives: The main objectives of the study were to estimate serious and mild injuries in children aged 0 to 15 years reported by their mothers within the last six months and to estimate the risk of punishment and child labor.

Method: A household survey with a cluster sample of 1192 interviewed mothers was undertaken in an urban district and two villages. Children aged 0-15 were included in the study. The classification of injuries was assessed according to Manciaux and Romer layperson reporting.

Results and conclusion: Over 25% of children aged 0-15 years had had injury within last six month. Half of the injuries were serious and the other half were mild. Children from urban communities tended to be more prone to injury than rural regions. Additionally, boys tended to have significantly more injuries than girls. Fractures were found to be more common in boys than in girls, while burns and poisoning were common for girls than boys. Child labor and physical punishment are risk factors for injuries.


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