alexa Multi-Natural Disasters in Gonaives Haiti: Long-term Outcomes among Child and Adolescents and Social Support | OMICS International | Abstract
ISSN: 1522-4821

International Journal of Emergency Mental Health and Human Resilience
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Research Article

Multi-Natural Disasters in Gonaives Haiti: Long-term Outcomes among Child and Adolescents and Social Support

Daniel Derivois1,2*, Jude-Mary Cénat3, Georges Gaston Mérisier4

1University of Lumière Lyon 2, France

2Center of Research in Psychopathology and Clinical Psychology (CRPPC), France

3Psychology Institute, University of Lyon 2, France

4Education-Investigation-Technologie (EDITEC), Haiti

*Corresponding Author:
Daniel Derivois
E-mail: [email protected]

Abstract

In this article, we posit the hypothesis that the January 2010 earthquake in Port-au-Prince reawakened a number of traumas linked to the natural disasters that struck Gonaives in 2004 and 2008. The study set out to evaluate the PTSD and social support in the affected areas in Gonaives seven years after the disasters. The study covered a sample of 917 participants, of whom 534 (58.23%) were females, aged between 10 and 23 with an average age of 16.03 (SD = 2.65). A variety of scales were used: the Clinician Administered PTSD Scale (CAPS-1); the Traumatic Exposure Severity Scale (TESS); the PTSD Check-List Civilian version (PCL-C); the Impact of Event Scale Revised (IES-R) and the Social Support Questionnaire (SSQ). The results reveal a higher rate of PTSD among the oldest participants, a similarly higher rate of social support among Catholics than among Protestants, a more severe rate of PTSD among school going children and a positive correlation between social support and PTSD.

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