alexa Needs of End-of-Life Patient's Caregivers, in Terms of Nursing Care: Systematic Review of the Literature
ISSN: 2165-7386

Journal of Palliative Care & Medicine
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Research Article

Needs of End-of-Life Patient's Caregivers, in Terms of Nursing Care: Systematic Review of the Literature

César Fonseca1*, Teresa Rebelo2, Cláudia Andrade3, Paula Lopes3, Tânia Franco3, Dulce Rodrigues3and André Antunes4

1University of Lisbon, Nursing Research & Development Unit, Lisbon, Portugal

2Lisbon’s School of Nursing, Lisbon, Portugal

3Santa Maria’s Pediatric Hospital, Pulmonology’s Service, Lisbon, Portugal

4Pulido Valente’s Hospital, Pulmonology’s Service, Lisbon, Portugal

Corresponding Author:
César Fonseca
Researcher, Nursing Research & Development Unit
University of Lisbon, Lisbon, Portugal
Tel: 969-042-537
E-mail: [email protected]

Received Date: December 07, 2011; Accepted Date: June 24, 2012; Published Date: June 26, 2012

Citation: Fonseca C, Rebelo T, Andrade C, Lopes P, Franco T, et al. (2012) Needs of End-of-Life Patient’s Caregivers, in Terms of Nursing Care: Systematic Review of the Literature. J Palliative Care Med 2:123. doi:10.4172/2165-7386.1000123

Copyright: © 2012 Fonseca C, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.



Aim: This article aims to identify the needs for nursing care of end-of-life patients’ caregivers and also to enounce nursing interventions, by using a systematic review of the literature. Methodology: The PI[C]OD method has been used, and a search in EBSCO (CINALH, MEDLINE) has been conducted by using keywords and searching full texts, from 2000 until December 2010, resulting in 325 articles in total. Results: The end-of-life patients’ caregivers’ needs identified through this systematic review were: preparation for mourning, desirers’ recognition and fulfilment, communication, establishment of a trustful relationship with a sense of security, caregivers involvement in care, training, resting needs, needs for information, emotional and spiritual needs. Conclusions: Caregivers have different needs that require personal intervention from the nursing team, which is fulfilled through the establishment of a relationship based on trust, and considering that each caregiver has unique characteristics and personal attributes. The caregiver should be involved in care process, enabling knowledge and skills.


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