alexa Nursing Interventions in Prevention and Healing of Leg Ulcers: Systematic Review of the Literature
ISSN: 2165-7386

Journal of Palliative Care & Medicine
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Review Article

Nursing Interventions in Prevention and Healing of Leg Ulcers: Systematic Review of the Literature

César Fonseca1*, Manuel Lopes1 , Ana Ramos2, Vitor Santos3, Antonio Esquinas4 and PedroParreira5

1Universidade de Évora, Portugal

2North Lisbon Hospital Center, Portugal

3West Hospital, IberWounds West, Portugal

4Unidade de Terapia Intensiva, Hospital Morales Meseguer, Murcia, Spain

5School of Coimbra and Master’s in Nursing, Specialization in Health Care Unit Management, Portugal

*Corresponding Author:
César Fonseca
Researcher, Universidade de Évora, Portugal
Tel: 969-042-537
E-mail: [email protected]

Received date: November 20, 2015 Accepted date: November 26, 2015 Published date: November 30, 2015

Citation: Fonseca C, Lopes M, Ramos A, Santos V, Esquinas V, et al. (2015) Nursing Interventions in Prevention and Healing of Leg Ulcers:Systematic Review of the Literature. J Palliat Care Med 5:238. doi:10.4172/2165-7386.1000238

Copyright: © 2015 Fonseca C, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

Abstract

Aim: To identify nursing interventions aimed at persons with venous, arterial or mixed leg ulcers. Methodology: Carried out research in the EBSCO search engine: CINAHL Plus with Full Text, MEDLINE with Full Text, MedicLatina, Academic Search Complete, sought full text articles, published between 2008/01/01 and 2015/01/31, with the following keywords [(MM "leg ulcer") OR (wound care) OR (wound healing)] AND [(nursing) OR (nursing assessment) OR (nursing intervention)], filtered through initial question in PI[C]O format. Results: The different etiologies of leg ulcer require a specific therapeutic and prophylactic approach. Factors that promote healing were identified: individualization of care, interpersonal relationship, pain control, control of the exudate, education for health self-management, self-care, therapeutic adherence, implementation of guidelines of good practice and auditing and feedback of the practices. Conclusion: Person-centred care and practices based on evidence improves health results in prevention and treatment of leg ulcers.

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