Repeated Suicide Attempts in Emergency Room Psychiatric Referrals
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It is widely acknowledged that 16% to 34% of suicide attempters repeat a suicide behavior within 1-2 years after the first, “index”, attempt, and that a previous nonfatal suicide attempt is found in up to 40% of suicide deaths (Scoliers, Portzky, van Heeringen & Audenaert, 2009). Suicide attempt is defined as “a self inflicted, potentially injurious behavior with a nonfatal outcome for which there is evidence (either explicit or implicit) of intent to die; a suicide attempt may result in no injuries, or death” (Silverman, Berman Sanddal & O’carroll, 2007).