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ISSN: 2161-0711

Journal of Community Medicine & Health Education
Open Access

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Review Article

Risk Factors Forchronic Low Back Pain

Karunanayake Aranjan Lionel*

Associate Professor Department of Health Sciences, College of Medicine, Nursing and Health Sciences Fiji National University, Fiji

*Corresponding Author:
Dr. Karunanayake Aranjan Lionel
Associate Professor Anatomy
Department of Health Sciences, College of Medicine
Nursing and Health Sciences Fiji National University, Suva, Fiji
Tel: 006798376806 (Mobile), 006793313329 (office)
Fax: 006793303469
E-mail: [email protected], [email protected]

Received date: November 14, 2013; Accepted date: January 24, 2014; Published date: January 27, 2014

Citation: Lionel KA (2014) Risk Factors Forchronic Low Back Pain. J Community Med Health Educ 4:271. doi:10.4172/2161-0711.1000271

Copyright: © 2014 Lionel KA. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

Abstract

Chronic low back pain that last for more than 3 months affects an estimated 15-45% of the population and is the most common cause of disability in individuals between the ages of 45 and 65 years. It has a high morbidity with high social and economic effects. The studies done all over the world show that the prevalence of chronic low back pain is increasing. However the improvements in the understanding of the pathology and management of low back pain have not improved significantly over the years. Therefore having knowledge of risk factors for low back pain will help in the prevention of development of low back pain. Therefore a review of current literature regarding the risk factors for low back pain was carried out. According to majority of studies bad posture, lack of physical exercise, presence of low back pain related genes, low levels of education and poor nutrition had a significant association with low back pain. Few studies have found a significant association between low back pain and indulging in regular smoking, regular alcohol consumption, being overweight and underweight and low socio-economic background. However some studies have failed to find a significant association between these factors and low back pain.

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