Suicide Prevention Education in Schools in JapanKenji Kawano*
Center for Suicide Prevention, National Institute of Mental Health, National Center of Neurology and Psychiatry, Tokyo, Japan
- *Corresponding Author:
- E-mail:[email protected]
In Japan, suicide rates increased in all age groups in 1998, particularly in men aged 45 to 64 years. In recent years, suicide rates have decreased in middle-aged and the elderly, but the same cannot be said for those aged 15 to 34-years. According to the Cabinet Office, in 2014, the suicide rate for those in their 40s, 50s, and 60s was 23.0, 27.1, 24.5, respectively, showing a 32.9%, 39.6%, and 39.8% decrease from the 1998 rate, respectively. In contrast, the suicide rate for those in their 20s and 30s was 20.8 and 21.2, respectively, with a reduction rate of 14.4% and 19.1%, respectively. According to the data provided by the National Police Agency, work problems were the common cause of suicides in those in their 20s and 30s; however, more commonly, the cause was unknown. In other words, although suicide in young people is an urgent issue in Japan, there is a need for further research on its risk factors (Figure 1).