alexa The Emerging Questions from the Current Epidemiology of Visceral Leishmaniasis in South Sudan: A Cross-sectional Study Design

Journal of Infectious Disease and Pathology
Open Access

Like us on:
OMICS International organises 3000+ Global Conferenceseries Events every year across USA, Europe & Asia with support from 1000 more scientific Societies and Publishes 700+ Open Access Journals which contains over 50000 eminent personalities, reputed scientists as editorial board members.

Open Access Journals gaining more Readers and Citations

700 Journals and 15,000,000 Readers Each Journal is getting 25,000+ Readers

This Readership is 10 times more when compared to other Subscription Journals (Source: Google Analytics)

Research Article

The Emerging Questions from the Current Epidemiology of Visceral Leishmaniasis in South Sudan: A Cross-sectional Study Design

Kofi Boateng1, Abdulmunini Usman1*, Jane Pita1, Ajak CD Akik2, Allan Mpairwe1, Dieu-Donne Bimpa1, Evans Lyosi1, Sylvester Maleghemi1, Mabourok M Leron2, Rumunu John2, and Richard LL Loro2

1World Health Organization Country Office, South Sudan

2Ministry of Health, Ministry Complex, Juba, Republic of South Sudan

*Corresponding Author:
Abdulmunini Usman
World Health Organization Country Office
Juba, South Sudan
Tel: +211 953 333 842
E-mail: [email protected]

Received date: November 23, 2016; Accepted date: January 03, 2017; Published date: January 14, 2017

Citation: Boateng K, Usman A, Pita J, Akik ACD, Mpairwe A, et al. (2017) The Emerging Questions from the Current Epidemiology of Visceral Leishmaniasis in South Sudan: A Cross-sectional Study Design. J Emerg Infect Dis 2:121. doi:10.4172/2472-4998.1000121

Copyright: © 2017 Boateng K, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.



Leishmaniasis is endemic in South Sudan with at least two outbreaks reported since 1984. A major impediment to effective control is the paucity of epidemiological data to inform prevention and control efforts. The intent of this study is to describe the epidemiology of the disease to inform prevention and control interventions.

An analytical cross-sectional design was applied to the National Leishmaniasis Surveillance database from 2009 to 2013 to determine trends and influences on risk of death. Leishmaniasis cases were defined according to national disease surveillance protocols. Point estimates at 95% C.I. and regression estimates of odds and R2 of risks outcomes were determined.

The prevalence (cases per 10,000) of visceral leishmaniasis (VL) in the endemic areas varied from 0.14 in 2009 to 5.13 in 2011 and 0.2 in 2013. During this period, 2,466 cases were reported of which 89.5% (95% C.I. 88.2-90.6) had primary visceral leishmaniasis while 7.1% (95% C.I 6.2-8.2) were relapse cases. Following treatment, 90.7% (95% C.I. 89.4-91.8) of cases were cured, with a case fatality of 3.7% (95% C.I. 3.0-4.5). Age (R2=0.02, p <0.001), duration of illness (R2=0.01, p<0.001), and treatment regimen (R2=0.039, p<0.001) significantly explained the risk of death even though marginal. Primary Visceral leishmaniasis were 2.5 times (OR=2.5 [95% C.I. 1.4, 4.6]; p<0.002) more likely to die as compared to other categories. There are epidemic foci in North Eastern counties of Ayod, Fangak, Baliet and Canal Khorfulus. Further studies, both ecological and behavioral are required to understand the risk of exposure to VL.


Share This Page

Additional Info

Loading Please wait..
Peer Reviewed Journals
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals


[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version