Argentina is the eighth-largest country in the world, covering an area of 2.8 million square km. The name “Argentina” comes from the Latin word for silver, argentum. The original European settlers believed the country was full of silver. Argentina possesses some of the world's tallest mountains, expansive deserts, and impressive waterfalls, with the diversity of the land ranging from wild, remote areas in southern Patagonia to the bustling metropolis of Buenos Aires in the north. Argentina ranks as the world's 32nd most populous country as of 2010.
Argentina, located in southern South America. Bordered by the Andes in the west and the South Atlantic Ocean to the east, neighboring countries are Chile to the west, Bolivia and Paraguay to the north, and Brazil and Uruguay to the northeast.
Argentina's economy is Latin America's third-largest and the second largest in South America. In 1913, Argentina was the world's 10th wealthiest nation per capita. Now it's the 54th.Argentina has advanced In physiology or Medicine, chemistry and produced many Noble laureates. According to 2012 statistics, because of cancer 8.2 million deaths occured worldwide and almost 62,000 in Argentina. It is forecast that cancer deaths will continue to increase worldwide, reaching 13.1 million in 2030.
Argentina has a medium to high incidence of cancer (between 172.3 and 242.9 cases per 100,000 inhabitants) according to the 2015 estimates of the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) .The WHO reports that there are more than 100,000 new cases of cancer per year in both sexes, with similar percentages for both men and women. The most commonly occurring cancers are breast cancer in women, with a rate of 71 cases for every 100,000 women, followed by prostate cancer (44 per 100,000 men), and lung cancer in men (32.5 per 100,000 men).