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Canada is the second largest country in the world. Canada consists of ten provinces and three territories. Ottawa is the capital of Canada. A large number of immigrants from almost every part of the world come to live in Canada. Today, up to 1/5th of the population is an immigrant to Canada. Canada has lots of natural resources. Its large amounts of fish have been used for centuries for food and money. Hydroelectric power (electricity by water) is abundant because of Canada's many rivers.Forests of the west are used for wood. Besides these renewable resources, Canada has metal ores and oil deposits. Also, Canada is the leading exporter of zinc, uranium, gold, nickel, aluminum, steel and lead.
Canada is the second largest country in the world in land area, after Russia. It has the longest border with water (coastline) of any country in the world. It is next to the Pacific, Arctic, and Atlantic Oceans. It is the only country in the world to be next to three oceans at once. It has six time zones. Canada extends from the west coast, across the prairies and central Canada, to the Atlantic provinces. In the north there are three territories, stretching between Alaska and Greenland: the Yukon in the west, then the Northwest Territories, then Nunavut. Four of the five Great Lakes (Superior, Huron, Erie, and Ontario) are shared between Canada and the United States (Lake Michigan is in the USA), and they make up 16% of the Earth's fresh water.
In Physics, Chemistry, Physiology or Medicine, Economics and Literature, Canada has many Noble laureates. In Canada, research on humans fulfils many functions the creation of new knowledge, the formation of new social and economic policy, and the development of innovative new products and processes for human health, education and social development. The research enterprise is viewed by many in the public and private sectors as a driver of economic and social development, innovation, and national prosperity. There has been a recent increase in research on oncology, medicine and innovation activities in Canada. This increase has been particularly significant in the general field of health including research in the behavioural and social and science related to health. NCEHR, as a result of information gathered on site visits to research intensive” universities, has conservatively estimated that annually about 3,000,000 individual Canadians are research participants in projects conducted at Canadian universities.