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ISSN: 2167-0846

Journal of Pain & Relief
Open Access

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Special Issue Article

Depressive Disorders And Pain: A Joint Model Of Diagnosis And Treatment

Torta RG* and Ieraci V
Clinical and Oncological Psychology, Department of Neuroscience, University of Turin, Italy
Corresponding Author : Prof. Riccardo G. V. Torta
Clinical and Oncological Psychology
Department of Neuroscience
University of Turin, Italy
E-mail: [email protected]ito.it
Received July 29, 2013; Accepted September 10, 2013; Published September 12, 2013
Citation: Torta RG, Ieraci V (2013) Depressive Disorders and Pain: A Joint Model of Diagnosis and Treatment. J Pain Relief S2:003. doi: 10.4172/2167-0846.1000S2-003
Copyright: © 2013 Torta RG, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

Abstract

Pain is a complex construct that is linked to neurobiological factors, mostly related to sensory pain dimensions and evaluated by somatosensory cortical and thalamic areas. But a painful stimulus is also modulated by emotional and cognitive factors, related to the emotional limbic processing of pain and to cortico-frontal evaluation and belief about pain. In this article, the authors discuss how and why pain and depression are frequently associated in clinical practice, the biological mechanisms shared by both disturbances and how this common background can explain the high comorbid incidence of depressive disorders and pain, and the rationale for treatment strategies acting on both depressive disorders and pain.

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