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Enhancing the Protection of Medical Human Rights for Mental Patients in Taiwan | OMICS International | Abstract
ISSN: 1522-4821

International Journal of Emergency Mental Health and Human Resilience
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Short Communication

Enhancing the Protection of Medical Human Rights for Mental Patients in Taiwan

Jia-Pei Shie1, Chao-Yueh Su2, Frank Huang-Chih Chou1,3

1Department of Community Psychiatry, Kaohsiung Municipal Kai-Syuan Psychiatric Hospital, Kaohsiung City, Taiwan

2Department of Nursing, Meiho University, Ping-Tong County, Taiwan

3Graduate institute of Health Care, Meiho University, Ping-Tong County, Taiwan, Meiho University, Ping-Tong County, Taiwan

*Corresponding Author:
E-mail: [email protected]

Abstract

The Mental Health Act (MHA) in Taiwan was developed in 1990 to protect patients. It was introduced to provide legislative recognition that people with mental illness have rights to reasonable treatment. After a few minor modifications and a substantial revision in 2007, the revised version was formally enacted on July 4, 2008. According to the newly developed regulations, in addition to an evaluation by two designated certificated psychiatrists within two days, whether a patient requires compulsory hospitalization will also be reviewed and decided by the committee --Psychiatric Disease Mandatory Assessment and Community Care Review Committee---of mandatory evaluation within five days and the maximum length of an order is 60 days. Since the 2007 version of the Mental Health Act was implemented, the number of the patients with mandatory hospitalizations was significantly reduced by 77%, corresponding to a decrease from 3,129 in 2006 and 3,171 in 2007 to 728 in 2014. Only 1.46% of these individuals were compulsorily hospitalized, which is significantly lower than the 6-58% in the United States and Europe. The human rights of patients in mental health care were further protected, which is a substantial achievement in mental health care!

Google Scholar citation report
Citations : 1498

International Journal of Emergency Mental Health and Human Resilience received 1498 citations as per Google Scholar report

International Journal of Emergency Mental Health and Human Resilience peer review process verified at publons
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