Dersleri yüzünden oldukça stresli bir ruh haline sikiş hikayeleri bürünüp özel matematik dersinden önce rahatlayabilmek için amatör pornolar kendisini yatak odasına kapatan genç adam telefonundan porno resimleri açtığı porno filmini keyifle seyir ederek yatağını mobil porno okşar ruh dinlendirici olduğunu iddia ettikleri özel sex resim bir masaj salonunda çalışan genç masör hem sağlık hem de huzur sikiş için gelip masaj yaptıracak olan kadını gördüğünde porn nutku tutulur tüm gün boyu seksi lezbiyenleri sikiş dikizleyerek onları en savunmasız anlarında fotoğraflayan azılı erkek lavaboya geçerek fotoğraflara bakıp koca yarağını keyifle okşamaya başlar
Lumbar Percutaneous Intradiscal Injection of Radiopaque Gelified Ethanol (Discogel) in Patients with Low Back and Radicular Pain | OMICS International | Abstract
ISSN: 2167-0846

Journal of Pain & Relief
Open Access

Our Group organises 3000+ Global Conferenceseries Events every year across USA, Europe & Asia with support from 1000 more scientific Societies and Publishes 700+ Open Access Journals which contains over 50000 eminent personalities, reputed scientists as editorial board members.

Open Access Journals gaining more Readers and Citations
700 Journals and 15,000,000 Readers Each Journal is getting 25,000+ Readers

This Readership is 10 times more when compared to other Subscription Journals (Source: Google Analytics)

Research Article

Lumbar Percutaneous Intradiscal Injection of Radiopaque Gelified Ethanol (Discogel) in Patients with Low Back and Radicular Pain

Volpentesta G1, De Rose M1, Bosco D3, Stroscio C1, Guzzi G1, Bombardieri C2, Chirchiglia D1, Plastino M3, Romano M1, Cristofalo S3, Pardatscher K2 and Lavano A1*
1 Department of Neurosurgery, University Hospital of Germaneto, Campus “Salvatore Venuta”, Catanzaro, Italy
2 Department of Neuroradiology, University Hospital of Germaneto, Campus “Salvatore Venuta”, Catanzaro, Italy
3 Department of Neurology, “San Giovanni di Dio” General Hospital, Crotone, Italy
Corresponding Author : Lavano A
Department of Neurosurgery
University Hospital of Germaneto
Campus “Salvatore Venuta”, Viale Europa
88100 Catanzaro, Italy
Tel: +3909613647385
E-mail: [email protected]
Received April 04, 2014; Accepted April 27, 2014; Published April 29, 2014
Citation: Volpentesta G, De Rose M, Bosco D, Stroscio C, Guzzi G, et al. (2014) Lumbar Percutaneous Intradiscal Injection of Radiopaque Gelified Ethanol (“Discogel”) in Patients with Low Back and Radicular Pain. J Pain Relief 3:145. doi: 10.4172/2167-0846.1000145
Copyright: © 2014 Volpentesta G, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.


Partial removal of nucleus pulposus with consequent reduction of intradiscal pressure may be obtained with percutaneous intradiscal administration of chemical substances in the intervertebral disc. We used percutaneous intradiscal injection of radiopaque gelified ethanol (“Discogel”) in 72 patients (group 1) with conservative treatment resistant lumbar and radicular pain due to small and medium-size hernias of intervertebral disc to demonstrate its efficacy and safety vs. 72 subjects treated with intra-foraminal and intradiscal injections of a steroid and anesthetic (group 2 or control group). “Discogel” injection was performed with biplane fluoroscopy assistance and under local anesthesia with patient in lateral position on symptomatic side. Amount of “Discogel” injected ranged from 0.8 ml to 1.6 ml. We treated a total of 83 discs. We performed the procedure on one disc in 62 patients; in 9 patients two discs were treated in the same session and in 1 patient three levels were treated in two separate sessions. In group 1 patient “responders” were 65 (90.3%). Excellent and good results were obtained in 58 patients (80.4%), satisfactory results in 7 patients (9.8%) and poor results in 7 patients (9.8%); among “responders” pain control was quite immediate in 58 patients (89.3%) while in 7 patients (10.7%) there was a delay of 7-10 days. These values were significantly higher than in control group. Also the quality of life was significantly more sustained vs. control group, and this benefit was maintained over time. Concerning complications, in 3 cases (4.15%) we had transitory radicular irritation with neuropathic pain appearance immediately after the procedure and in 1 case (1.30%) transitory sensory-motor deficit due to diffusion of local anesthetic along the introducer needle. In conclusion intradiscal radiopaque gelified ethanol injection is minimally invasive, low cost, safe and effective procedure that may be considered in proper selected patients before recourse to surgery.